21 Strings library [strings]

21.2 Character traits [char.traits]

21.2.3 char_­traits specializations [char.traits.specializations]

21.2.3.2 struct char_­traits<char8_­t> [char.traits.specializations.char8.t]

namespace std {
  template<> struct char_traits<char8_t> {
    using char_type = char8_t;
    using int_type = unsigned int;
    using off_type = streamoff;
    using pos_type = u8streampos;
    using state_type = mbstate_t;

    static constexpr void assign(char_type& c1, const char_type& c2) noexcept;
    static constexpr bool eq(char_type c1, char_type c2) noexcept;
    static constexpr bool lt(char_type c1, char_type c2) noexcept;

    static constexpr int compare(const char_type* s1, const char_type* s2, size_t n);
    static constexpr size_t length(const char_type* s);
    static constexpr const char_type* find(const char_type* s, size_t n,
                                           const char_type& a);
    static char_type* move(char_type* s1, const char_type* s2, size_t n);
    static char_type* copy(char_type* s1, const char_type* s2, size_t n);
    static char_type* assign(char_type* s, size_t n, char_type a);
    static constexpr int_type not_eof(int_type c) noexcept;
    static constexpr char_type to_char_type(int_type c) noexcept;
    static constexpr int_type to_int_type(char_type c) noexcept;
    static constexpr bool eq_int_type(int_type c1, int_type c2) noexcept;
    static constexpr int_type eof() noexcept;
  };
}
The two-argument members assign, eq, and lt are defined identically to the built-in operators =, ==, and < respectively.
The member eof() returns an implementation-defined constant that cannot appear as a valid UTF-8 code unit.