11 Classes [class]

11.6 Local class declarations [class.local]

A class can be declared within a function definition; such a class is called a local class.
[Note 1: 
A declaration in a local class cannot odr-use ([basic.def.odr]) a local entity from an enclosing scope.
— end note]
[Example 1: int x; void f() { static int s; int x; const int N = 5; extern int q(); int arr[2]; auto [y, z] = arr; struct local { int g() { return x; } // error: odr-use of non-odr-usable variable x int h() { return s; } // OK int k() { return ::x; } // OK int l() { return q(); } // OK int m() { return N; } // OK, not an odr-use int* n() { return &N; } // error: odr-use of non-odr-usable variable N int p() { return y; } // error: odr-use of non-odr-usable structured binding y }; } local* p = 0; // error: local not found — end example]
An enclosing function has no special access to members of the local class; it obeys the usual access rules ([class.access]).
Member functions of a local class shall be defined within their class definition, if they are defined at all.
If class X is a local class, a nested class Y may be declared in class X and later defined in the definition of class X or be later defined in the same scope as the definition of class X.
A class nested within a local class is a local class.
[Note 2: 
A local class cannot have static data members ([class.static.data]).
— end note]