11 Declarators [dcl.decl]

11.4 Function definitions [dcl.fct.def]

11.4.1 In general [dcl.fct.def.general]

Function definitions have the form

function-definition:
	attribute-specifier-seq decl-specifier-seq declarator virt-specifier-seq function-body
function-body:
	ctor-initializer compound-statement
	function-try-block
	= default ;
	= delete ;

Any informal reference to the body of a function should be interpreted as a reference to the non-terminal function-body. The optional attribute-specifier-seq in a function-definition appertains to the function. A virt-specifier-seq can be part of a function-definition only if it is a member-declaration.

In a function-definition, either void declarator ; or declarator ; shall be a well-formed function declaration as described in [dcl.fct]. A function shall be defined only in namespace or class scope.

[Example: A simple example of a complete function definition is

int max(int a, int b, int c) {
  int m = (a > b) ? a : b;
  return (m > c) ? m : c;
}

Here int is the decl-specifier-seq; max(int a, int b, int c) is the declarator; { /* ... */ } is the function-body. end example]

A ctor-initializer is used only in a constructor; see [class.ctor] and [class.init].

[Note: A cv-qualifier-seq affects the type of this in the body of a member function; see [dcl.ref]. end note]

[Note: Unused parameters need not be named. For example,

void print(int a, int) {
  std::printf("a = %d\n",a);
}

end note]

In the function-body, a function-local predefined variable denotes a block-scope object of static storage duration that is implicitly defined (see [basic.scope.block]).

The function-local predefined variable _­_­func_­_­ is defined as if a definition of the form

static const char __func__[] = "function-name";

had been provided, where function-name is an implementation-defined string. It is unspecified whether such a variable has an address distinct from that of any other object in the program.103 [Example:

struct S {
  S() : s(__func__) { }             // OK
  const char* s;
};
void f(const char* s = __func__);   // error: _­_­func_­_­ is undeclared

end example]

Implementations are permitted to provide additional predefined variables with names that are reserved to the implementation. If a predefined variable is not odr-used, its string value need not be present in the program image.