3 Terms and definitions [intro.defs]

3.27 undefined behavior [defns.undefined]

behavior for which this document imposes no requirements
Undefined behavior may be expected when this document omits any explicit definition of behavior or when a program uses an erroneous construct or erroneous data.
Permissible undefined behavior ranges from ignoring the situation completely with unpredictable results, to behaving during translation or program execution in a documented manner characteristic of the environment (with or without the issuance of a diagnostic message), to terminating a translation or execution (with the issuance of a diagnostic message).
Many erroneous program constructs do not engender undefined behavior; they are required to be diagnosed.
Evaluation of a constant expression never exhibits behavior explicitly specified as undefined in [intro] through [cpp] of this document ([expr.const]).
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