7 Expressions [expr]

7.6 Compound expressions [expr.compound]

7.6.12 Bitwise exclusive OR operator [expr.xor]

exclusive-or-expression ^ and-expression
The ^ operator groups left-to-right.
The operands shall be of integral or unscoped enumeration type.
The usual arithmetic conversions ([expr.arith.conv]) are performed.
Given the coefficients and of the base-2 representation ([basic.fundamental]) of the converted operands x and y, the coefficient of the base-2 representation of the result r is 1 if either (but not both) of and are 1, and 0 otherwise.
The result is the bitwise exclusive OR function of the operands.
— end note