33 Thread support library [thread]

33.6 Futures [futures]

33.6.10 Class template packaged_­task [futures.task]

33.6.10.1 packaged_­task member functions [futures.task.members]

packaged_task() noexcept;
Effects: Constructs a packaged_­task object with no shared state and no stored task.
template <class F> packaged_task(F&& f);
Requires: INVOKE<R>(f, t, t, , t), where t, t, , t are values of the corresponding types in ArgTypes..., shall be a valid expression.
Invoking a copy of f shall behave the same as invoking f.
Remarks: This constructor shall not participate in overload resolution if decay_­t<F> is the same type as packaged_­task<R(ArgTypes...)>.
Effects: Constructs a new packaged_­task object with a shared state and initializes the object's stored task with std​::​forward<F>(f).
Throws:
  • Any exceptions thrown by the copy or move constructor of f.
  • For the first version, bad_­alloc if memory for the internal data structures could not be allocated.
  • For the second version, any exceptions thrown by allocator_­traits<Allocator>​::​template rebind_­traits<unspecified>​::​allocate.
packaged_task(packaged_task&& rhs) noexcept;
Effects: Constructs a new packaged_­task object and transfers ownership of rhs's shared state to *this, leaving rhs with no shared state.
Moves the stored task from rhs to *this.
Postconditions: rhs has no shared state.
packaged_task& operator=(packaged_task&& rhs) noexcept;
Effects:
~packaged_task();
Effects: Abandons any shared state ([futures.state]).
void swap(packaged_task& other) noexcept;
Effects: Exchanges the shared states and stored tasks of *this and other.
Postconditions: *this has the same shared state and stored task (if any) as other prior to the call to swap.
other has the same shared state and stored task (if any) as *this prior to the call to swap.
bool valid() const noexcept;
Returns: true only if *this has a shared state.
future<R> get_future();
Returns: A future object that shares the same shared state as *this.
Throws: a future_­error object if an error occurs.
Error conditions:
  • future_­already_­retrieved if get_­future has already been called on a packaged_­task object with the same shared state as *this.
  • no_­state if *this has no shared state.
void operator()(ArgTypes... args);
Effects: As if by INVOKE<R>(f, t, t, , t), where f is the stored task of *this and t, t, , t are the values in args....
If the task returns normally, the return value is stored as the asynchronous result in the shared state of *this, otherwise the exception thrown by the task is stored.
The shared state of *this is made ready, and any threads blocked in a function waiting for the shared state of *this to become ready are unblocked.
Throws: a future_­error exception object if there is no shared state or the stored task has already been invoked.
Error conditions:
  • promise_­already_­satisfied if the stored task has already been invoked.
  • no_­state if *this has no shared state.
void make_ready_at_thread_exit(ArgTypes... args);
Effects: As if by INVOKE<R>(f, t, t, , t), where f is the stored task and t, t, , t are the values in args....
If the task returns normally, the return value is stored as the asynchronous result in the shared state of *this, otherwise the exception thrown by the task is stored.
In either case, this shall be done without making that state ready ([futures.state]) immediately.
Schedules the shared state to be made ready when the current thread exits, after all objects of thread storage duration associated with the current thread have been destroyed.
Throws: future_­error if an error condition occurs.
Error conditions:
  • promise_­already_­satisfied if the stored task has already been invoked.
  • no_­state if *this has no shared state.
void reset();
Effects: As if *this = packaged_­task(std​::​move(f)), where f is the task stored in *this.
[Note
:
This constructs a new shared state for *this.
The old state is abandoned ([futures.state]).
end note
]
Throws:
  • bad_­alloc if memory for the new shared state could not be allocated.
  • any exception thrown by the move constructor of the task stored in the shared state.
  • future_­error with an error condition of no_­state if *this has no shared state.