28 Localization library [localization]

28.4 Standard locale categories [locale.categories]

28.4.2 The ctype category [category.ctype]

28.4.2.2 Class template ctype [locale.ctype]

28.4.2.2.1 General [locale.ctype.general]

namespace std { template<class charT> class ctype : public locale::facet, public ctype_base { public: using char_type = charT; explicit ctype(size_t refs = 0); bool is(mask m, charT c) const; const charT* is(const charT* low, const charT* high, mask* vec) const; const charT* scan_is(mask m, const charT* low, const charT* high) const; const charT* scan_not(mask m, const charT* low, const charT* high) const; charT toupper(charT c) const; const charT* toupper(charT* low, const charT* high) const; charT tolower(charT c) const; const charT* tolower(charT* low, const charT* high) const; charT widen(char c) const; const char* widen(const char* low, const char* high, charT* to) const; char narrow(charT c, char dfault) const; const charT* narrow(const charT* low, const charT* high, char dfault, char* to) const; static locale::id id; protected: ~ctype(); virtual bool do_is(mask m, charT c) const; virtual const charT* do_is(const charT* low, const charT* high, mask* vec) const; virtual const charT* do_scan_is(mask m, const charT* low, const charT* high) const; virtual const charT* do_scan_not(mask m, const charT* low, const charT* high) const; virtual charT do_toupper(charT) const; virtual const charT* do_toupper(charT* low, const charT* high) const; virtual charT do_tolower(charT) const; virtual const charT* do_tolower(charT* low, const charT* high) const; virtual charT do_widen(char) const; virtual const char* do_widen(const char* low, const char* high, charT* dest) const; virtual char do_narrow(charT, char dfault) const; virtual const charT* do_narrow(const charT* low, const charT* high, char dfault, char* dest) const; }; }
Class ctype encapsulates the C library <cctype> features.
istream members are required to use ctype<> for character classing during input parsing.
The specializations required in Table 104 ([locale.category]), namely ctype<char> and ctype<wchar_­t>, implement character classing appropriate to the implementation's native character set.