22 Containers library [containers]

22.4 Associative containers [associative]

22.4.4 Class template map [map]

22.4.4.5 Erasure [map.erasure]

template<class Key, class T, class Compare, class Allocator, class Predicate> void erase_if(map<Key, T, Compare, Allocator>& c, Predicate pred);
Effects: Equivalent to:
for (auto i = c.begin(), last = c.end(); i != last; ) {
  if (pred(*i)) {
    i = c.erase(i);
  } else {
    ++i;
  }
}