29 Numerics library [numerics]

29.8 Generalized numeric operations [numeric.ops]

29.8.1 Header <numeric> synopsis [numeric.ops.overview]

namespace std {
  // [accumulate], accumulate
  template <class InputIterator, class T>
    T accumulate(InputIterator first, InputIterator last, T init);
  template <class InputIterator, class T, class BinaryOperation>
    T accumulate(InputIterator first, InputIterator last, T init,
                 BinaryOperation binary_op);

  // [reduce], reduce
  template<class InputIterator>
    typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type
      reduce(InputIterator first, InputIterator last);
  template<class InputIterator, class T>
    T reduce(InputIterator first, InputIterator last, T init);
  template<class InputIterator, class T, class BinaryOperation>
    T reduce(InputIterator first, InputIterator last, T init,
             BinaryOperation binary_op);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIterator>
    typename iterator_traits<ForwardIterator>::value_type
      reduce(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
             ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator last);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIterator, class T>
    T reduce(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
             ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator last, T init);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIterator, class T, class BinaryOperation>
    T reduce(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
             ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator last, T init,
             BinaryOperation binary_op);

  // [inner.product], inner product
  template <class InputIterator1, class InputIterator2, class T>
    T inner_product(InputIterator1 first1, InputIterator1 last1,
                    InputIterator2 first2, T init);
  template <class InputIterator1, class InputIterator2, class T,
            class BinaryOperation1, class BinaryOperation2>
    T inner_product(InputIterator1 first1, InputIterator1 last1,
                    InputIterator2 first2, T init,
                    BinaryOperation1 binary_op1,
                    BinaryOperation2 binary_op2);

  // [transform.reduce], transform reduce
  template<class InputIterator1, class InputIterator2, class T>
    T transform_reduce(InputIterator1 first1, InputIterator1 last1,
                       InputIterator2 first2,
                       T init);
  template<class InputIterator1, class InputIterator2, class T,
           class BinaryOperation1, class BinaryOperation2>
    T transform_reduce(InputIterator1 first1, InputIterator1 last1,
                       InputIterator2 first2,
                       T init,
                       BinaryOperation1 binary_op1,
                       BinaryOperation2 binary_op2);
  template<class InputIterator, class T,
           class BinaryOperation, class UnaryOperation>
    T transform_reduce(InputIterator first, InputIterator last,
                       T init,
                       BinaryOperation binary_op, UnaryOperation unary_op);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy,
           class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2, class T>
    T transform_reduce(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                       ForwardIterator1 first1, ForwardIterator1 last1,
                       ForwardIterator2 first2,
                       T init);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy,
           class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2, class T,
           class BinaryOperation1, class BinaryOperation2>
    T transform_reduce(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                       ForwardIterator1 first1, ForwardIterator1 last1,
                       ForwardIterator2 first2,
                       T init,
                       BinaryOperation1 binary_op1,
                       BinaryOperation2 binary_op2);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy,
           class ForwardIterator, class T,
           class BinaryOperation, class UnaryOperation>
    T transform_reduce(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                       ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator last,
                       T init,
                       BinaryOperation binary_op, UnaryOperation unary_op);

  // [partial.sum], partial sum
  template <class InputIterator, class OutputIterator>
    OutputIterator partial_sum(InputIterator first,
                               InputIterator last,
                               OutputIterator result);
  template <class InputIterator, class OutputIterator, class BinaryOperation>
    OutputIterator partial_sum(InputIterator first,
                               InputIterator last,
                               OutputIterator result,
                               BinaryOperation binary_op);

  // [exclusive.scan], exclusive scan
  template<class InputIterator, class OutputIterator, class T>
    OutputIterator exclusive_scan(InputIterator first, InputIterator last,
                                  OutputIterator result,
                                  T init);
  template<class InputIterator, class OutputIterator, class T, class BinaryOperation>
    OutputIterator exclusive_scan(InputIterator first, InputIterator last,
                                  OutputIterator result,
                                  T init, BinaryOperation binary_op);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2, class T>
    ForwardIterator2 exclusive_scan(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                                    ForwardIterator1 first, ForwardIterator1 last,
                                    ForwardIterator2 result,
                                    T init);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2, class T,
           class BinaryOperation>
    ForwardIterator2 exclusive_scan(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                                    ForwardIterator1 first, ForwardIterator1 last,
                                    ForwardIterator2 result,
                                    T init, BinaryOperation binary_op);

  // [inclusive.scan], inclusive scan
  template<class InputIterator, class OutputIterator>
    OutputIterator inclusive_scan(InputIterator first, InputIterator last,
                                  OutputIterator result);
  template<class InputIterator, class OutputIterator, class BinaryOperation>
    OutputIterator inclusive_scan(InputIterator first, InputIterator last,
                                  OutputIterator result,
                                  BinaryOperation binary_op);
  template<class InputIterator, class OutputIterator, class BinaryOperation, class T>
    OutputIterator inclusive_scan(InputIterator first, InputIterator last,
                                  OutputIterator result,
                                  BinaryOperation binary_op, T init);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2>
    ForwardIterator2 inclusive_scan(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                                    ForwardIterator1 first, ForwardIterator1 last,
                                    ForwardIterator2 result);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2,
           class BinaryOperation>
    ForwardIterator2 inclusive_scan(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                                    ForwardIterator1 first, ForwardIterator1 last,
                                    ForwardIterator2 result,
                                    BinaryOperation binary_op);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2,
           class BinaryOperation, class T>
    ForwardIterator2 inclusive_scan(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                                    ForwardIterator1 first, ForwardIterator1 last,
                                    ForwardIterator2 result,
                                    BinaryOperation binary_op, T init);

  // [transform.exclusive.scan], transform exclusive scan
  template<class InputIterator, class OutputIterator, class T,
           class BinaryOperation, class UnaryOperation>
    OutputIterator transform_exclusive_scan(InputIterator first, InputIterator last,
                                            OutputIterator result,
                                            T init,
                                            BinaryOperation binary_op,
                                            UnaryOperation unary_op);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy,
           class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2, class T,
           class BinaryOperation, class UnaryOperation>
    ForwardIterator2 transform_exclusive_scan(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                                              ForwardIterator1 first, ForwardIterator1 last,
                                              ForwardIterator2 result,
                                              T init,
                                              BinaryOperation binary_op,
                                              UnaryOperation unary_op);

  // [transform.inclusive.scan], transform inclusive scan
  template<class InputIterator, class OutputIterator,
           class BinaryOperation, class UnaryOperation>
    OutputIterator transform_inclusive_scan(InputIterator first, InputIterator last,
                                            OutputIterator result,
                                            BinaryOperation binary_op,
                                            UnaryOperation unary_op);
  template<class InputIterator, class OutputIterator,
           class BinaryOperation, class UnaryOperation, class T>
    OutputIterator transform_inclusive_scan(InputIterator first, InputIterator last,
                                            OutputIterator result,
                                            BinaryOperation binary_op,
                                            UnaryOperation unary_op,
                                            T init);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy,
           class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2,
           class BinaryOperation, class UnaryOperation>
    ForwardIterator2 transform_inclusive_scan(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                                              ForwardIterator1 first, ForwardIterator1 last,
                                              ForwardIterator2 result,
                                              BinaryOperation binary_op,
                                              UnaryOperation unary_op);
  template<class ExecutionPolicy,
           class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2,
           class BinaryOperation, class UnaryOperation, class T>
    ForwardIterator2 transform_inclusive_scan(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                                              ForwardIterator1 first, ForwardIterator1 last,
                                              ForwardIterator2 result,
                                              BinaryOperation binary_op,
                                              UnaryOperation unary_op,
                                              T init);

  // [adjacent.difference], adjacent difference
  template <class InputIterator, class OutputIterator>
    OutputIterator adjacent_difference(InputIterator first,
                                       InputIterator last,
                                       OutputIterator result);
  template <class InputIterator, class OutputIterator, class BinaryOperation>
    OutputIterator adjacent_difference(InputIterator first,
                                       InputIterator last,
                                       OutputIterator result,
                                       BinaryOperation binary_op);
  template <class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2>
    ForwardIterator2 adjacent_difference(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                                         ForwardIterator1 first,
                                         ForwardIterator1 last,
                                         ForwardIterator2 result);
  template <class ExecutionPolicy, class ForwardIterator1, class ForwardIterator2,
            class BinaryOperation>
    ForwardIterator2 adjacent_difference(ExecutionPolicy&& exec, // see [algorithms.parallel.overloads]
                                         ForwardIterator1 first,
                                         ForwardIterator1 last,
                                         ForwardIterator2 result,
                                         BinaryOperation binary_op);

  // [numeric.iota], iota
  template <class ForwardIterator, class T>
    void iota(ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator last, T value);

  // [numeric.ops.gcd], greatest common divisor
  template <class M, class N>
    constexpr common_type_t<M,N> gcd(M m, N n);

  // [numeric.ops.lcm], least common multiple
  template <class M, class N>
    constexpr common_type_t<M,N> lcm(M m, N n);
}
The requirements on the types of algorithms' arguments that are described in the introduction to [algorithms] also apply to the following algorithms.
Throughout this subclause, the parameters UnaryOperation, BinaryOperation, BinaryOperation1, and BinaryOperation2 are used whenever an algorithm expects a function object ([function.objects]).
[Note
:
The use of closed ranges as well as semi-open ranges to specify requirements throughout this subclause is intentional.
end note
]