29 Input/output library [input.output]

29.8 String-based streams [string.streams]

29.8.4 Class template basic_­ostringstream [ostringstream]

29.8.4.1 General [ostringstream.general]

namespace std { template<class charT, class traits = char_traits<charT>, class Allocator = allocator<charT>> class basic_ostringstream : public basic_ostream<charT, traits> { public: using char_type = charT; using int_type = typename traits::int_type; using pos_type = typename traits::pos_type; using off_type = typename traits::off_type; using traits_type = traits; using allocator_type = Allocator; // [ostringstream.cons], constructors basic_ostringstream() : basic_ostringstream(ios_base::out) {} explicit basic_ostringstream(ios_base::openmode which); explicit basic_ostringstream( const basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>& s, ios_base::openmode which = ios_base::out); basic_ostringstream(ios_base::openmode which, const Allocator& a); explicit basic_ostringstream( basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>&& s, ios_base::openmode which = ios_base::out); template<class SAlloc> basic_ostringstream( const basic_string<charT, traits, SAlloc>& s, const Allocator& a) : basic_ostringstream(s, ios_base::out, a) {} template<class SAlloc> basic_ostringstream( const basic_string<charT, traits, SAlloc>& s, ios_base::openmode which, const Allocator& a); template<class SAlloc> explicit basic_ostringstream( const basic_string<charT, traits, SAlloc>& s, ios_base::openmode which = ios_base::out); basic_ostringstream(const basic_ostringstream&) = delete; basic_ostringstream(basic_ostringstream&& rhs); // [ostringstream.assign], assign and swap basic_ostringstream& operator=(const basic_ostringstream&) = delete; basic_ostringstream& operator=(basic_ostringstream&& rhs); void swap(basic_ostringstream& rhs); // [ostringstream.members], members basic_stringbuf<charT, traits, Allocator>* rdbuf() const; basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator> str() const &; template<class SAlloc> basic_string<charT,traits,SAlloc> str(const SAlloc& sa) const; basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator> str() &&; basic_string_view<charT, traits> view() const noexcept; void str(const basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>& s); template<class SAlloc> void str(const basic_string<charT, traits, SAlloc>& s); void str(basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>&& s); private: basic_stringbuf<charT, traits, Allocator> sb; // exposition only }; }
The class basic_­ostringstream<charT, traits, Allocator> supports writing objects of class basic_­string<​charT, traits, Allocator>.
It uses a basic_­stringbuf object to control the associated storage.
For the sake of exposition, the maintained data is presented here as:
  • sb, the stringbuf object.

29.8.4.2 Constructors [ostringstream.cons]

explicit basic_ostringstream(ios_base::openmode which);
Effects: Initializes the base class with basic_­ostream<charT, traits>(addressof(sb)) ([ostream]) and sb with basic_­stringbuf<charT, traits, Allocator>(which | ios_­base​::​out) ([stringbuf.cons]).
explicit basic_ostringstream( const basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>& s, ios_base::openmode which = ios_base::out);
Effects: Initializes the base class with basic_­ostream<charT, traits>(addressof(sb)) ([ostream]) and sb with basic_­stringbuf<charT, traits, Allocator>(s, which | ios_­base​::​out)
([stringbuf.cons]).
basic_ostringstream(ios_base::openmode which, const Allocator& a);
Effects: Initializes the base class with basic_­ostream<charT, traits>(addressof(sb)) ([ostream]) and sb with basic_­stringbuf<charT, traits, Allocator>(which | ios_­base​::​out, a)
([stringbuf.cons]).
explicit basic_ostringstream( basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>&& s, ios_base::openmode which = ios_base::out);
Effects: Initializes the base class with basic_­ostream<charT, traits>(addressof(sb)) ([ostream]) and sb with basic_­stringbuf<charT, traits, Allocator>(std​::​move(s), which | ios_­base​::​​out) ([stringbuf.cons]).
template<class SAlloc> basic_ostringstream( const basic_string<charT, traits, SAlloc>& s, ios_base::openmode which, const Allocator& a);
Effects: Initializes the base class with basic_­ostream<charT, traits>(addressof(sb)) ([ostream]) and sb with basic_­stringbuf<charT, traits, Allocator>(s, which | ios_­base​::​out, a)
([stringbuf.cons]).
template<class SAlloc> explicit basic_ostringstream( const basic_string<charT, traits, SAlloc>& s, ios_base::openmode which = ios_base::out);
Constraints: is_­same_­v<SAlloc,Allocator> is false.
Effects: Initializes the base class with basic_­ostream<charT, traits>(addressof(sb)) ([ostream]) and sb with basic_­stringbuf<charT, traits, Allocator>(s, which | ios_­base​::​out)
([stringbuf.cons]).
basic_ostringstream(basic_ostringstream&& rhs);
Effects: Move constructs from the rvalue rhs.
This is accomplished by move constructing the base class, and the contained basic_­stringbuf.
Then calls basic_­ostream<charT, traits>​::​set_­rdbuf(addressof(sb)) to install the contained basic_­stringbuf.

29.8.4.3 Assignment and swap [ostringstream.assign]

void swap(basic_ostringstream& rhs);
Effects: Equivalent to: basic_ostream<charT, traits>::swap(rhs); sb.swap(rhs.sb);
template<class charT, class traits, class Allocator> void swap(basic_ostringstream<charT, traits, Allocator>& x, basic_ostringstream<charT, traits, Allocator>& y);
Effects: Equivalent to: x.swap(y).

29.8.4.4 Member functions [ostringstream.members]

basic_stringbuf<charT, traits, Allocator>* rdbuf() const;
Returns: const_­cast<basic_­stringbuf<charT, traits, Allocator>*>(addressof(sb)).
basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator> str() const &;
Effects: Equivalent to: return rdbuf()->str();
template<class SAlloc> basic_string<charT,traits,SAlloc> str(const SAlloc& sa) const;
Effects: Equivalent to: return rdbuf()->str(sa);
basic_string<charT,traits,Allocator> str() &&;
Effects: Equivalent to: return std​::​move(*rdbuf()).str();
basic_string_view<charT, traits> view() const noexcept;
Effects: Equivalent to: return rdbuf()->view();
void str(const basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>& s);
Effects: Equivalent to: rdbuf()->str(s);
template<class SAlloc> void str(const basic_string<charT, traits, SAlloc>& s);
Effects: Equivalent to: rdbuf()->str(s);
void str(basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>&& s);
Effects: Equivalent to: rdbuf()->str(std​::​move(s));