26 Containers library [containers]

26.6 Container adaptors [container.adaptors]

26.6.5 Class template priority_­queue [priority.queue]

Any sequence container with random access iterator and supporting operations front(), push_­back() and pop_­back() can be used to instantiate priority_­queue.
In particular, vector and deque can be used.
Instantiating priority_­queue also involves supplying a function or function object for making priority comparisons; the library assumes that the function or function object defines a strict weak ordering.
namespace std {
  template <class T, class Container = vector<T>,
    class Compare = less<typename Container::value_type>>
  class priority_queue {
  public:
    using value_type      = typename Container::value_type;
    using reference       = typename Container::reference;
    using const_reference = typename Container::const_reference;
    using size_type       = typename Container::size_type;
    using container_type  = Container;
    using value_compare   = Compare;

  protected:
    Container c;
    Compare comp;

  public:
    priority_queue(const Compare& x, const Container&);
    explicit priority_queue(const Compare& x = Compare(), Container&& = Container());
    template <class InputIterator>
      priority_queue(InputIterator first, InputIterator last,
             const Compare& x, const Container&);
    template <class InputIterator>
      priority_queue(InputIterator first, InputIterator last,
             const Compare& x = Compare(), Container&& = Container());
    template <class Alloc> explicit priority_queue(const Alloc&);
    template <class Alloc> priority_queue(const Compare&, const Alloc&);
    template <class Alloc> priority_queue(const Compare&, const Container&, const Alloc&);
    template <class Alloc> priority_queue(const Compare&, Container&&, const Alloc&);
    template <class Alloc> priority_queue(const priority_queue&, const Alloc&);
    template <class Alloc> priority_queue(priority_queue&&, const Alloc&);

    bool      empty() const       { return c.empty(); }
    size_type size()  const       { return c.size(); }
    const_reference   top() const { return c.front(); }
    void push(const value_type& x);
    void push(value_type&& x);
    template <class... Args> void emplace(Args&&... args);
    void pop();
    void swap(priority_queue& q) noexcept(is_nothrow_swappable_v<Container> &&
                                          is_nothrow_swappable_v<Compare>)
      { using std::swap; swap(c, q.c); swap(comp, q.comp); }
  };

  template<class Compare, class Container>
    priority_queue(Compare, Container)
      -> priority_queue<typename Container::value_type, Container, Compare>;

  template<class InputIterator,
           class Compare = less<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>,
           class Container = vector<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>>
    priority_queue(InputIterator, InputIterator, Compare = Compare(), Container = Container())
      -> priority_queue<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type, Container, Compare>;

  template<class Compare, class Container, class Allocator>
    priority_queue(Compare, Container, Allocator)
      -> priority_queue<typename Container::value_type, Container, Compare>;

  // no equality is provided

  template <class T, class Container, class Compare>
    void swap(priority_queue<T, Container, Compare>& x,
              priority_queue<T, Container, Compare>& y) noexcept(noexcept(x.swap(y)));

  template <class T, class Container, class Compare, class Alloc>
    struct uses_allocator<priority_queue<T, Container, Compare>, Alloc>
      : uses_allocator<Container, Alloc>::type { };
}

26.6.5.1 priority_­queue constructors [priqueue.cons]

priority_queue(const Compare& x, const Container& y); explicit priority_queue(const Compare& x = Compare(), Container&& y = Container());
Requires: x shall define a strict weak ordering.
Effects: Initializes comp with x and c with y (copy constructing or move constructing as appropriate); calls make_­heap(c.begin(), c.end(), comp).
template <class InputIterator> priority_queue(InputIterator first, InputIterator last, const Compare& x, const Container& y); template <class InputIterator> priority_queue(InputIterator first, InputIterator last, const Compare& x = Compare(), Container&& y = Container());
Requires: x shall define a strict weak ordering.
Effects: Initializes comp with x and c with y (copy constructing or move constructing as appropriate); calls c.insert(c.end(), first, last); and finally calls make_­heap(c.begin(), c.end(), comp).

26.6.5.2 priority_­queue constructors with allocators [priqueue.cons.alloc]

If uses_­allocator_­v<container_­type, Alloc> is false the constructors in this subclause shall not participate in overload resolution.
template <class Alloc> explicit priority_queue(const Alloc& a);
Effects:  Initializes c with a and value-initializes comp.
template <class Alloc> priority_queue(const Compare& compare, const Alloc& a);
Effects:  Initializes c with a and initializes comp with compare.
template <class Alloc> priority_queue(const Compare& compare, const Container& cont, const Alloc& a);
Effects:  Initializes c with cont as the first argument and a as the second argument, and initializes comp with compare; calls make_­heap(c.begin(), c.end(), comp).
template <class Alloc> priority_queue(const Compare& compare, Container&& cont, const Alloc& a);
Effects:  Initializes c with std​::​move(cont) as the first argument and a as the second argument, and initializes comp with compare; calls make_­heap(c.begin(), c.end(), comp).
template <class Alloc> priority_queue(const priority_queue& q, const Alloc& a);
Effects:  Initializes c with q.c as the first argument and a as the second argument, and initializes comp with q.comp.
template <class Alloc> priority_queue(priority_queue&& q, const Alloc& a);
Effects:  Initializes c with std​::​move(q.c) as the first argument and a as the second argument, and initializes comp with std​::​move(q.comp).

26.6.5.3 priority_­queue members [priqueue.members]

void push(const value_type& x);
Effects: As if by:
c.push_back(x);
push_heap(c.begin(), c.end(), comp);
void push(value_type&& x);
Effects: As if by:
c.push_back(std::move(x));
push_heap(c.begin(), c.end(), comp);
template <class... Args> void emplace(Args&&... args)
Effects: As if by:
c.emplace_back(std::forward<Args>(args)...);
push_heap(c.begin(), c.end(), comp);
void pop();
Effects: As if by:
pop_heap(c.begin(), c.end(), comp);
c.pop_back();

26.6.5.4 priority_­queue specialized algorithms [priqueue.special]

template <class T, class Container, class Compare> void swap(priority_queue<T, Container, Compare>& x, priority_queue<T, Container, Compare>& y) noexcept(noexcept(x.swap(y)));
Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless is_­swappable_­v<Container> is true and is_­swappable_­v<Compare> is true.
Effects: As if by x.swap(y).