22 Containers library [containers]

22.6 Container adaptors [container.adaptors]

22.6.4 Class template queue [queue] Definition [queue.defn]

Any sequence container supporting operations front(), back(), push_­back() and pop_­front() can be used to instantiate queue.
In particular, list and deque can be used.
namespace std {
  template<class T, class Container = deque<T>>
  class queue {
    using value_type      = typename Container::value_type;
    using reference       = typename Container::reference;
    using const_reference = typename Container::const_reference;
    using size_type       = typename Container::size_type;
    using container_type  =          Container;

    Container c;

    queue() : queue(Container()) {}
    explicit queue(const Container&);
    explicit queue(Container&&);
    template<class Alloc> explicit queue(const Alloc&);
    template<class Alloc> queue(const Container&, const Alloc&);
    template<class Alloc> queue(Container&&, const Alloc&);
    template<class Alloc> queue(const queue&, const Alloc&);
    template<class Alloc> queue(queue&&, const Alloc&);

    [[nodiscard]] bool empty() const    { return c.empty(); }
    size_type         size()  const     { return c.size(); }
    reference         front()           { return c.front(); }
    const_reference   front() const     { return c.front(); }
    reference         back()            { return c.back(); }
    const_reference   back() const      { return c.back(); }
    void push(const value_type& x)      { c.push_back(x); }
    void push(value_type&& x)           { c.push_back(std::move(x)); }
    template<class... Args>
      decltype(auto) emplace(Args&&... args)
        { return c.emplace_back(std::forward<Args>(args)...); }
    void pop()                          { c.pop_front(); }
    void swap(queue& q) noexcept(is_nothrow_swappable_v<Container>)
      { using std::swap; swap(c, q.c); }

  template<class Container>
    queue(Container) -> queue<typename Container::value_type, Container>;

  template<class Container, class Allocator>
    queue(Container, Allocator) -> queue<typename Container::value_type, Container>;

  template<class T, class Container>
    void swap(queue<T, Container>& x, queue<T, Container>& y) noexcept(noexcept(x.swap(y)));

  template<class T, class Container, class Alloc>
    struct uses_allocator<queue<T, Container>, Alloc>
      : uses_allocator<Container, Alloc>::type { };