24 Ranges library [ranges]

24.7 Range adaptors [range.adaptors]

24.7.3 All view [range.all] Class template ref_­view [range.ref.view]

ref_­view is a View of the elements of some other Range.
namespace std::ranges {
  template<Range R>
    requires is_object_v<R>
  class ref_view : public view_interface<ref_view<R>> {
    R* r_ = nullptr;            // exposition only
    constexpr ref_view() noexcept = default;

    template<not-same-as<ref_view> T>
      requires see below
    constexpr ref_view(T&& t);

    constexpr R& base() const { return *r_; }

    constexpr iterator_t<R> begin() const { return ranges::begin(*r_); }
    constexpr sentinel_t<R> end() const { return ranges::end(*r_); }

    constexpr bool empty() const
      requires requires { ranges::empty(*r_); }
    { return ranges::empty(*r_); }

    constexpr auto size() const requires SizedRange<R>
    { return ranges::size(*r_); }

    constexpr auto data() const requires ContiguousRange<R>
    { return ranges::data(*r_); }

    friend constexpr iterator_t<R> begin(ref_view r)
    { return r.begin(); }

    friend constexpr sentinel_t<R> end(ref_view r)
    { return r.end(); }
  template<class R>
    ref_view(R&) -> ref_view<R>;
template<not-same-as<ref_view> T> requires see below constexpr ref_view(T&& t);
Remarks: Let FUN denote the exposition-only functions
void FUN(R&);
void FUN(R&&) = delete;
The expression in the requires-clause is equivalent to
ConvertibleTo<T, R&> && requires { FUN(declval<T>()); }
Effects: Initializes r_­ with addressof(static_­cast<R&>(std::forward<T>(t))).