31 Regular expressions library [re]

31.12 Regular expression iterators [re.iter]

31.12.1 Class template regex_­iterator [re.regiter] regex_­iterator increment [re.regiter.incr]

regex_iterator& operator++();
Effects: Constructs a local variable start of type BidirectionalIterator and initializes it with the value of match[0].second.
If the iterator holds a zero-length match and start == end the operator sets *this to the end-of-sequence iterator and returns *this.
Otherwise, if the iterator holds a zero-length match, the operator calls:
regex_search(start, end, match, *pregex,
             flags | regex_constants::match_not_null | regex_constants::match_continuous)
If the call returns true the operator returns *this.
Otherwise the operator increments start and continues as if the most recent match was not a zero-length match.
If the most recent match was not a zero-length match, the operator sets flags to flags | regex_­constants​::​match_­prev_­avail and calls regex_­search(start, end, match, *pregex, flags).
If the call returns false the iterator sets *this to the end-of-sequence iterator.
The iterator then returns *this.
In all cases in which the call to regex_­search returns true, match.prefix().first shall be equal to the previous value of match[0].second, and for each index i in the half-open range [0, match.size()) for which match[i].matched is true, match.position(i) shall return distance(begin, match[i].​first).
This means that match.position(i) gives the offset from the beginning of the target sequence, which is often not the same as the offset from the sequence passed in the call to regex_­search.
end note
It is unspecified how the implementation makes these adjustments.
This means that a compiler may call an implementation-specific search function, in which case a user-defined specialization of regex_­search will not be called.
end note
regex_iterator operator++(int);
Effects: As if by:
regex_iterator tmp = *this;
return tmp;