17 Templates [temp]

17.9 Function template specializations [temp.fct.spec]

17.9.2 Template argument deduction [temp.deduct]

17.9.2.2 Deducing template arguments taking the address of a function template [temp.deduct.funcaddr]

Template arguments can be deduced from the type specified when taking the address of an overloaded function.
The function template's function type and the specified type are used as the types of P and A, and the deduction is done as described in [temp.deduct.type].
A placeholder type in the return type of a function template is a non-deduced context.
If template argument deduction succeeds for such a function, the return type is determined from instantiation of the function body.