29 Numerics library [numerics]

29.7 Numeric arrays [numarray]

29.7.8 Class template mask_­array [template.mask.array]

29.7.8.1 Class template mask_­array overview [template.mask.array.overview]

namespace std {
  template<class T> class mask_array {
  public:
    using value_type = T;

    void operator=  (const valarray<T>&) const;
    void operator*= (const valarray<T>&) const;
    void operator/= (const valarray<T>&) const;
    void operator%= (const valarray<T>&) const;
    void operator+= (const valarray<T>&) const;
    void operator-= (const valarray<T>&) const;
    void operator^= (const valarray<T>&) const;
    void operator&= (const valarray<T>&) const;
    void operator|= (const valarray<T>&) const;
    void operator<<=(const valarray<T>&) const;
    void operator>>=(const valarray<T>&) const;

    mask_array(const mask_array&);
    ~mask_array();
    const mask_array& operator=(const mask_array&) const;
    void operator=(const T&) const;

    mask_array() = delete;        // as implied by declaring copy constructor above
  };
}
This template is a helper template used by the mask subscript operator:
mask_array<T> valarray<T>::operator[](const valarray<bool>&).
It has reference semantics to a subset of an array specified by a boolean mask.
Thus, the expression a[mask] = b; has the effect of assigning the elements of b to the masked elements in a (those for which the corresponding element in mask is true.)