33 Thread support library [thread]

33.4 Mutual exclusion [thread.mutex]

33.4.4 Locks [thread.lock]

33.4.4.2 Class template scoped_­lock [thread.lock.scoped]

namespace std {
  template <class... MutexTypes>
  class scoped_lock {
  public:
    using mutex_type = Mutex;  // If MutexTypes... consists of the single type Mutex

    explicit scoped_lock(MutexTypes&... m);
    explicit scoped_lock(MutexTypes&... m, adopt_lock_t);
    ~scoped_lock();

    scoped_lock(const scoped_lock&) = delete;
    scoped_lock& operator=(const scoped_lock&) = delete;

  private:
    tuple<MutexTypes&...> pm; // exposition only
  };

  template<class... MutexTypes>
    scoped_lock(scoped_lock<MutexTypes...>) -> scoped_lock<MutexTypes...>;
}
An object of type scoped_­lock controls the ownership of lockable objects within a scope.
A scoped_­lock object maintains ownership of lockable objects throughout the scoped_­lock object's lifetime.
The behavior of a program is undefined if the lockable objects referenced by pm do not exist for the entire lifetime of the scoped_­lock object.
When sizeof...(MutexTypes) is 1, the supplied Mutex type shall meet the BasicLockable requirements.
Otherwise, each of the mutex types shall meet the Lockable requirements.
explicit scoped_lock(MutexTypes&... m);
Requires: If a MutexTypes type is not a recursive mutex, the calling thread does not own the corresponding mutex element of m.
Effects: Initializes pm with tie(m...).
Then if sizeof...(MutexTypes) is 0, no effects.
Otherwise if sizeof...(MutexTypes) is 1, then m.lock().
Otherwise, lock(m...).
explicit scoped_lock(MutexTypes&... m, adopt_lock_t);
Requires: The calling thread owns all the mutexes in m.
Effects: Initializes pm with tie(m...).
Throws: Nothing.
~scoped_lock();
Effects: For all i in [0, sizeof...(MutexTypes)), get<i>(pm).unlock().