25 Time library [time]

25.12 Parsing [time.parse]

Each parse overload specified in this subclause calls from_­stream unqualified, so as to enable argument dependent lookup ([basic.lookup.argdep]).
template<class charT, class traits, class Alloc, class Parsable> unspecified parse(const basic_string<charT, traits, Alloc>& fmt, Parsable& tp);
Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless
from_stream(declval<basic_istream<charT, traits>&>(), fmt.c_str(), tp)
is a valid expression.
Returns: A manipulator that, when extracted from a basic_­istream<charT, traits> is, calls from_­stream(is, fmt.c_­str(), tp).
template<class charT, class traits, class Alloc, class Parsable> unspecified parse(const basic_string<charT, traits, Alloc>& fmt, Parsable& tp, basic_string<charT, traits, Alloc>& abbrev);
Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless
from_stream(declval<basic_istream<charT, traits>&>(), fmt.c_str(), tp, &abbrev)
is a valid expression.
Returns: A manipulator that, when extracted from a basic_­istream<charT, traits> is, calls from_­stream(is, fmt.c_­str(), tp, &abbrev).
template<class charT, class traits, class Alloc, class Parsable> unspecified parse(const basic_string<charT, traits, Alloc>& fmt, Parsable& tp, minutes& offset);
Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless
from_stream(declval<basic_istream<charT, traits>&>(), fmt.c_str(), tp, nullptr, &offset)
is a valid expression.
Returns: A manipulator that, when extracted from a basic_­istream<charT, traits> is, calls from_­stream(is, fmt.c_­str(), tp, nullptr, &offset).
template<class charT, class traits, class Alloc, class Parsable> unspecified parse(const basic_string<charT, traits, Alloc>& fmt, Parsable& tp, basic_string<charT, traits, Alloc>& abbrev, minutes& offset);
Remarks: This function shall not participate in overload resolution unless
from_stream(declval<basic_istream<charT, traits>&>(), fmt.c_str(), tp, &abbrev, &offset)
is a valid expression.
Returns: A manipulator that, when extracted from a basic_­istream<charT, traits> is, calls from_­stream(is, fmt.c_­str(), tp, &abbrev, &offset).
All from_­stream overloads behave as unformatted input functions, except that they have an unspecified effect on the value returned by subsequent calls to basic_­istream<>::gcount().
Each overload takes a format string containing ordinary characters and flags which have special meaning.
Each flag begins with a %.
Some flags can be modified by E or O.
During parsing each flag interprets characters as parts of date and time types according to the table below.
Some flags can be modified by a width parameter given as a positive decimal integer called out as N below which governs how many characters are parsed from the stream in interpreting the flag.
All characters in the format string that are not represented in the table below, except for white space, are parsed unchanged from the stream.
A white space character matches zero or more white space characters in the input stream.
If the from_­stream overload fails to parse everything specified by the format string, or if insufficient information is parsed to specify a complete duration, time point, or calendrical data structure, setstate(ios_­base::failbit) is called on the basic_­istream.
Table 89 — Meaning of parse flags
Flag
Parsed value
%a
The locale's full or abbreviated case-insensitive weekday name.
%A
Equivalent to %a.
%b
The locale's full or abbreviated case-insensitive month name.
%B
Equivalent to %b.
%c
The locale's date and time representation.
The modified command %Ec interprets the locale's alternate date and time representation.
%C
The century as a decimal number.
The modified command %NC specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
The modified commands %EC and %OC interpret the locale's alternative representation of the century.
%d
The day of the month as a decimal number.
The modified command %Nd specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
The modified command %Ed interprets the locale's alternative representation of the day of the month.
%D
Equivalent to %m/%d/%y.
%e
Equivalent to %d and can be modified like %d.
%F
Equivalent to %Y-%m-%d.
If modified with a width N, the width is applied to only %Y.
%g
The last two decimal digits of the ISO week-based year.
The modified command %Ng specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
%G
The ISO week-based year as a decimal number.
The modified command %NG specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 4.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
%h
Equivalent to %b.
%H
The hour (24-hour clock) as a decimal number.
The modified command %NH specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
The modified command %OH interprets the locale's alternative representation.
%I
The hour (12-hour clock) as a decimal number.
The modified command %NI specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
%j
The day of the year as a decimal number.
Jan 1 is 1.
The modified command %Nj specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 3.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
%m
The month as a decimal number.
Jan is 1.
The modified command %Nm specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
The modified command %Om interprets the locale's alternative representation.
%M
The minutes as a decimal number.
The modified command %NM specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
The modified command %OM interprets the locale's alternative representation.
%n
Matches one white space character.
[Note
:
%n, %t, and a space can be combined to match a wide range of white-space patterns.
For example, "%n " matches one or more white space characters, and "%n%t%t" matches one to three white space characters.
end note
]
%p
The locale's equivalent of the AM/PM designations associated with a 12-hour clock.
The command %I must precede %p in the format string.
%r
The locale's 12-hour clock time.
%R
Equivalent to %H:%M.
%S
The seconds as a decimal number.
The modified command %NS specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2 if the input time has a precision convertible to seconds.
Otherwise the default width is determined by the decimal precision of the input and the field is interpreted as a long double in a fixed format.
If encountered, the locale determines the decimal point character.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
The modified command %OS interprets the locale's alternative representation.
%t
Matches zero or one white space characters.
%T
Equivalent to %H:%M:%S.
%u
The ISO weekday as a decimal number (1-7), where Monday is 1.
The modified command %Nu specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 1.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
The modified command %Ou interprets the locale's alternative representation.
%U
The week number of the year as a decimal number.
The first Sunday of the year is the first day of week 01.
Days of the same year prior to that are in week 00.
The modified command %NU specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
%V
The ISO week-based week number as a decimal number.
The modified command %NV specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
%w
The weekday as a decimal number (0-6), where Sunday is 0.
The modified command %Nw specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 1.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
The modified command %Ow interprets the locale's alternative representation.
%W
The week number of the year as a decimal number.
The first Monday of the year is the first day of week 01.
Days of the same year prior to that are in week 00.
The modified command %NW specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
%x
The locale's date representation.
The modified command %Ex produces the locale's alternate date representation.
%X
The locale's time representation.
The modified command %EX produces the locale's alternate time representation.
%y
The last two decimal digits of the year.
If the century is not otherwise specified (e.g. with %C), values in the range [69, 99] are presumed to refer to the years 1969 to 1999, and values in the range [00, 68] are presumed to refer to the years 2000 to 2068.
The modified command %Ny specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 2.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
The modified commands %Ey and %Oy interpret the locale's alternative representation.
%Y
The year as a decimal number.
The modified command %NY specifies the maximum number of characters to read.
If N is not specified, the default is 4.
Leading zeroes are permitted but not required.
The modified command %EY interprets the locale's alternative representation.
%z
The offset from UTC in the format [+|-]hh[mm].
For example -0430 refers to 4 hours 30 minutes behind UTC, and 04 refers to 4 hours ahead of UTC.
The modified commands %Ez and %Oz parse a : between the hours and minutes and render leading zeroes on the hour field optional: [+|-]h[h][:mm].
For example -04:30 refers to 4 hours 30 minutes behind UTC, and 4 refers to 4 hours ahead of UTC.
%Z
The time zone abbreviation or name.
A single word is parsed.
This word can only contain characters from the basic source character set ([lex.charset]) that are alphanumeric, or one of '_­', '/', '-', or '+'.
%%
A % character is extracted.