26 Containers library [containers]

26.5 Unordered associative containers [unord]

26.5.7 Class template unordered_­multiset [unord.multiset]

26.5.7.1 Class template unordered_­multiset overview [unord.multiset.overview]

An unordered_­multiset is an unordered associative container that supports equivalent keys (an instance of unordered_­multiset may contain multiple copies of the same key value) and in which each element's key is the element itself.
The unordered_­multiset class supports forward iterators.
An unordered_­multiset satisfies all of the requirements of a container, of an unordered associative container, and of an allocator-aware container.
It provides the operations described in the preceding requirements table for equivalent keys; that is, an unordered_­multiset supports the a_­eq operations in that table, not the a_­uniq operations.
For an unordered_­multiset<Key> the key type and the value type are both Key.
The iterator and const_­iterator types are both constant iterator types.
It is unspecified whether they are the same type.
This section only describes operations on unordered_­multiset that are not described in one of the requirement tables, or for which there is additional semantic information.
namespace std {
  template <class Key,
            class Hash = hash<Key>,
            class Pred = equal_to<Key>,
            class Allocator = allocator<Key>>
  class unordered_multiset {
  public:
    // types:
    using key_type             = Key;
    using value_type           = Key;
    using hasher               = Hash;
    using key_equal            = Pred;
    using allocator_type       = Allocator;
    using pointer              = typename allocator_traits<Allocator>::pointer;
    using const_pointer        = typename allocator_traits<Allocator>::const_pointer;
    using reference            = value_type&;
    using const_reference      = const value_type&;
    using size_type            = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]
    using difference_type      = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]

    using iterator             = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]
    using const_iterator       = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]
    using local_iterator       = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]
    using const_local_iterator = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]
    using node_type            = unspecified;

    // [unord.multiset.cnstr], construct/copy/destroy
    unordered_multiset();
    explicit unordered_multiset(size_type n,
                                const hasher& hf = hasher(),
                                const key_equal& eql = key_equal(),
                                const allocator_type& a = allocator_type());
    template <class InputIterator>
      unordered_multiset(InputIterator f, InputIterator l,
                         size_type n = see below,
                         const hasher& hf = hasher(),
                         const key_equal& eql = key_equal(),
                         const allocator_type& a = allocator_type());
    unordered_multiset(const unordered_multiset&);
    unordered_multiset(unordered_multiset&&);
    explicit unordered_multiset(const Allocator&);
    unordered_multiset(const unordered_multiset&, const Allocator&);
    unordered_multiset(unordered_multiset&&, const Allocator&);
    unordered_multiset(initializer_list<value_type> il,
                       size_type n = see below,
                       const hasher& hf = hasher(),
                       const key_equal& eql = key_equal(),
                       const allocator_type& a = allocator_type());
    unordered_multiset(size_type n, const allocator_type& a)
      : unordered_multiset(n, hasher(), key_equal(), a) { }
    unordered_multiset(size_type n, const hasher& hf, const allocator_type& a)
      : unordered_multiset(n, hf, key_equal(), a) { }
    template <class InputIterator>
      unordered_multiset(InputIterator f, InputIterator l, size_type n, const allocator_type& a)
        : unordered_multiset(f, l, n, hasher(), key_equal(), a) { }
    template <class InputIterator>
      unordered_multiset(InputIterator f, InputIterator l, size_type n, const hasher& hf,
                         const allocator_type& a)
      : unordered_multiset(f, l, n, hf, key_equal(), a) { }
    unordered_multiset(initializer_list<value_type> il, size_type n, const allocator_type& a)
      : unordered_multiset(il, n, hasher(), key_equal(), a) { }
    unordered_multiset(initializer_list<value_type> il, size_type n, const hasher& hf,
                       const allocator_type& a)
      : unordered_multiset(il, n, hf, key_equal(), a) { }
    ~unordered_multiset();
    unordered_multiset& operator=(const unordered_multiset&);
    unordered_multiset& operator=(unordered_multiset&&)
      noexcept(allocator_traits<Allocator>::is_always_equal::value &&
               is_nothrow_move_assignable_v<Hash> &&
               is_nothrow_move_assignable_v<Pred>);
    unordered_multiset& operator=(initializer_list<value_type>);
    allocator_type get_allocator() const noexcept;

    // iterators:
    iterator       begin() noexcept;
    const_iterator begin() const noexcept;
    iterator       end() noexcept;
    const_iterator end() const noexcept;
    const_iterator cbegin() const noexcept;
    const_iterator cend() const noexcept;

    // capacity:
    bool      empty() const noexcept;
    size_type size() const noexcept;
    size_type max_size() const noexcept;

    // modifiers:
    template <class... Args> iterator emplace(Args&&... args);
    template <class... Args> iterator emplace_hint(const_iterator position, Args&&... args);
    iterator insert(const value_type& obj);
    iterator insert(value_type&& obj);
    iterator insert(const_iterator hint, const value_type& obj);
    iterator insert(const_iterator hint, value_type&& obj);
    template <class InputIterator> void insert(InputIterator first, InputIterator last);
    void insert(initializer_list<value_type>);

    node_type extract(const_iterator position);
    node_type extract(const key_type& x);
    iterator insert(node_type&& nh);
    iterator insert(const_iterator hint, node_type&& nh);

    iterator  erase(iterator position);
    iterator  erase(const_iterator position);
    size_type erase(const key_type& k);
    iterator  erase(const_iterator first, const_iterator last);
    void      swap(unordered_multiset&)
      noexcept(allocator_traits<Allocator>::is_always_equal::value &&
               is_nothrow_swappable_v<Hash> &&
               is_nothrow_swappable_v<Pred>);
    void      clear() noexcept;

    template<class H2, class P2>
      void merge(unordered_multiset<Key, H2, P2, Allocator>& source);
    template<class H2, class P2>
      void merge(unordered_multiset<Key, H2, P2, Allocator>&& source);
    template<class H2, class P2>
      void merge(unordered_set<Key, H2, P2, Allocator>& source);
    template<class H2, class P2>
      void merge(unordered_set<Key, H2, P2, Allocator>&& source);

    // observers:
    hasher hash_function() const;
    key_equal key_eq() const;

    // set operations:
    iterator       find(const key_type& k);
    const_iterator find(const key_type& k) const;
    size_type      count(const key_type& k) const;
    pair<iterator, iterator>             equal_range(const key_type& k);
    pair<const_iterator, const_iterator> equal_range(const key_type& k) const;

    // bucket interface:
    size_type bucket_count() const noexcept;
    size_type max_bucket_count() const noexcept;
    size_type bucket_size(size_type n) const;
    size_type bucket(const key_type& k) const;
    local_iterator begin(size_type n);
    const_local_iterator begin(size_type n) const;
    local_iterator end(size_type n);
    const_local_iterator end(size_type n) const;
    const_local_iterator cbegin(size_type n) const;
    const_local_iterator cend(size_type n) const;

    // hash policy:
    float load_factor() const noexcept;
    float max_load_factor() const noexcept;
    void max_load_factor(float z);
    void rehash(size_type n);
    void reserve(size_type n);
  };

  template<class InputIterator,
           class Hash = hash<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>,
           class Pred = equal_to<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>,
           class Allocator = allocator<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>>
    unordered_multiset(InputIterator, InputIterator, see below::size_type = see below,
                       Hash = Hash(), Pred = Pred(), Allocator = Allocator())
      -> unordered_multiset<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type,
                            Hash, Pred, Allocator>;

  template<class T, class Hash = hash<T>,
           class Pred = equal_to<T>, class Allocator = allocator<T>>
    unordered_multiset(initializer_list<T>, typename see below::size_type = see below,
                       Hash = Hash(), Pred = Pred(), Allocator = Allocator())
      -> unordered_multiset<T, Hash, Pred, Allocator>;

  template<class InputIterator, class Allocator>
    unordered_multiset(InputIterator, InputIterator, typename see below::size_type, Allocator)
      -> unordered_multiset<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type,
                            hash<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>,
                            equal_to<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>,
                            Allocator>;

  template<class InputIterator, class Hash, class Allocator>
    unordered_multiset(InputIterator, InputIterator, typename see below::size_type,
                       Hash, Allocator)
      -> unordered_multiset<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type, Hash,
                            equal_to<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>,
                            Allocator>;

  template<class T, class Allocator>
    unordered_multiset(initializer_list<T>, typename see below::size_type, Allocator)
      -> unordered_multiset<T, hash<T>, equal_to<T>, Allocator>;

  template<class T, class Hash, class Allocator>
    unordered_multiset(initializer_list<T>, typename see below::size_type, Hash, Allocator)
      -> unordered_multiset<T, Hash, equal_to<T>, Allocator>;

  // [unord.multiset.swap], swap
  template <class Key, class Hash, class Pred, class Alloc>
    void swap(unordered_multiset<Key, Hash, Pred, Alloc>& x,
              unordered_multiset<Key, Hash, Pred, Alloc>& y)
      noexcept(noexcept(x.swap(y)));
}
A size_­type parameter type in an unordered_­multiset deduction guide refers to the size_­type member type of the primary unordered_­multiset template.