26 Containers library [containers]

26.5 Unordered associative containers [unord]

26.5.6 Class template unordered_­set [unord.set]

26.5.6.1 Class template unordered_­set overview [unord.set.overview]

An unordered_­set is an unordered associative container that supports unique keys (an unordered_­set contains at most one of each key value) and in which the elements' keys are the elements themselves.
The unordered_­set class supports forward iterators.
An unordered_­set satisfies all of the requirements of a container, of an unordered associative container, and of an allocator-aware container.
It provides the operations described in the preceding requirements table for unique keys; that is, an unordered_­set supports the a_­uniq operations in that table, not the a_­eq operations.
For an unordered_­set<Key> the key type and the value type are both Key.
The iterator and const_­iterator types are both constant iterator types.
It is unspecified whether they are the same type.
This section only describes operations on unordered_­set that are not described in one of the requirement tables, or for which there is additional semantic information.
namespace std {
  template <class Key,
            class Hash = hash<Key>,
            class Pred = equal_to<Key>,
            class Allocator = allocator<Key>>
  class unordered_set {
  public:
    // types:
    using key_type             = Key;
    using value_type           = Key;
    using hasher               = Hash;
    using key_equal            = Pred;
    using allocator_type       = Allocator;
    using pointer              = typename allocator_traits<Allocator>::pointer;
    using const_pointer        = typename allocator_traits<Allocator>::const_pointer;
    using reference            = value_type&;
    using const_reference      = const value_type&;
    using size_type            = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]
    using difference_type      = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]

    using iterator             = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]
    using const_iterator       = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]
    using local_iterator       = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]
    using const_local_iterator = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements]
    using node_type            = unspecified;
    using insert_return_type   = INSERT_RETURN_TYPE<iterator, node_type>;

    // [unord.set.cnstr], construct/copy/destroy
    unordered_set();
    explicit unordered_set(size_type n,
                           const hasher& hf = hasher(),
                           const key_equal& eql = key_equal(),
                           const allocator_type& a = allocator_type());
    template <class InputIterator>
      unordered_set(InputIterator f, InputIterator l,
                    size_type n = see below,
                    const hasher& hf = hasher(),
                    const key_equal& eql = key_equal(),
                    const allocator_type& a = allocator_type());
    unordered_set(const unordered_set&);
    unordered_set(unordered_set&&);
    explicit unordered_set(const Allocator&);
    unordered_set(const unordered_set&, const Allocator&);
    unordered_set(unordered_set&&, const Allocator&);
    unordered_set(initializer_list<value_type> il,
                  size_type n = see below,
                  const hasher& hf = hasher(),
                  const key_equal& eql = key_equal(),
                  const allocator_type& a = allocator_type());
    unordered_set(size_type n, const allocator_type& a)
      : unordered_set(n, hasher(), key_equal(), a) { }
    unordered_set(size_type n, const hasher& hf, const allocator_type& a)
      : unordered_set(n, hf, key_equal(), a) { }
    template <class InputIterator>
      unordered_set(InputIterator f, InputIterator l, size_type n, const allocator_type& a)
        : unordered_set(f, l, n, hasher(), key_equal(), a) { }
    template <class InputIterator>
      unordered_set(InputIterator f, InputIterator l, size_type n, const hasher& hf,
                    const allocator_type& a)
      : unordered_set(f, l, n, hf, key_equal(), a) { }
    unordered_set(initializer_list<value_type> il, size_type n, const allocator_type& a)
      : unordered_set(il, n, hasher(), key_equal(), a) { }
    unordered_set(initializer_list<value_type> il, size_type n, const hasher& hf,
                  const allocator_type& a)
      : unordered_set(il, n, hf, key_equal(), a) { }
    ~unordered_set();
    unordered_set& operator=(const unordered_set&);
    unordered_set& operator=(unordered_set&&)
      noexcept(allocator_traits<Allocator>::is_always_equal::value &&
               is_nothrow_move_assignable_v<Hash> &&
               is_nothrow_move_assignable_v<Pred>);
    unordered_set& operator=(initializer_list<value_type>);
    allocator_type get_allocator() const noexcept;

    // iterators:
    iterator       begin() noexcept;
    const_iterator begin() const noexcept;
    iterator       end() noexcept;
    const_iterator end() const noexcept;
    const_iterator cbegin() const noexcept;
    const_iterator cend() const noexcept;

    // capacity:
    bool      empty() const noexcept;
    size_type size() const noexcept;
    size_type max_size() const noexcept;

    // modifiers:
    template <class... Args> pair<iterator, bool> emplace(Args&&... args);
    template <class... Args> iterator emplace_hint(const_iterator position, Args&&... args);
    pair<iterator, bool> insert(const value_type& obj);
    pair<iterator, bool> insert(value_type&& obj);
    iterator insert(const_iterator hint, const value_type& obj);
    iterator insert(const_iterator hint, value_type&& obj);
    template <class InputIterator> void insert(InputIterator first, InputIterator last);
    void insert(initializer_list<value_type>);

    node_type extract(const_iterator position);
    node_type extract(const key_type& x);
    insert_return_type insert(node_type&& nh);
    iterator           insert(const_iterator hint, node_type&& nh);

    iterator  erase(iterator position);
    iterator  erase(const_iterator position);
    size_type erase(const key_type& k);
    iterator  erase(const_iterator first, const_iterator last);
    void      swap(unordered_set&)
      noexcept(allocator_traits<Allocator>::is_always_equal::value &&
               is_nothrow_swappable_v<Hash> &&
               is_nothrow_swappable_v<Pred>);
    void      clear() noexcept;

    template<class H2, class P2>
      void merge(unordered_set<Key, H2, P2, Allocator>& source);
    template<class H2, class P2>
      void merge(unordered_set<Key, H2, P2, Allocator>&& source);
    template<class H2, class P2>
      void merge(unordered_multiset<Key, H2, P2, Allocator>& source);
    template<class H2, class P2>
      void merge(unordered_multiset<Key, H2, P2, Allocator>&& source);

    // observers:
    hasher hash_function() const;
    key_equal key_eq() const;

    // set operations:
    iterator       find(const key_type& k);
    const_iterator find(const key_type& k) const;
    size_type      count(const key_type& k) const;
    pair<iterator, iterator>             equal_range(const key_type& k);
    pair<const_iterator, const_iterator> equal_range(const key_type& k) const;

    // bucket interface:
    size_type bucket_count() const noexcept;
    size_type max_bucket_count() const noexcept;
    size_type bucket_size(size_type n) const;
    size_type bucket(const key_type& k) const;
    local_iterator begin(size_type n);
    const_local_iterator begin(size_type n) const;
    local_iterator end(size_type n);
    const_local_iterator end(size_type n) const;
    const_local_iterator cbegin(size_type n) const;
    const_local_iterator cend(size_type n) const;

    // hash policy:
    float load_factor() const noexcept;
    float max_load_factor() const noexcept;
    void max_load_factor(float z);
    void rehash(size_type n);
    void reserve(size_type n);
  };

  template<class InputIterator,
           class Hash = hash<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>,
           class Pred = equal_to<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>,
           class Allocator = allocator<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>>
    unordered_set(InputIterator, InputIterator, typename see below::size_type = see below,
                  Hash = Hash(), Pred = Pred(), Allocator = Allocator())
      -> unordered_set<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type,
                       Hash, Pred, Allocator>;

  template<class T, class Hash = hash<T>,
           class Pred = equal_to<T>, class Allocator = allocator<T>>
    unordered_set(initializer_list<T>, typename see below::size_type = see below,
                  Hash = Hash(), Pred = Pred(), Allocator = Allocator())
      -> unordered_set<T, Hash, Pred, Allocator>;

  template<class InputIterator, class Allocator>
    unordered_set(InputIterator, InputIterator, typename see below::size_type, Allocator)
      -> unordered_set<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type,
                       hash<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>,
                       equal_to<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>,
                       Allocator>;

  template<class InputIterator, class Hash, class Allocator>
    unordered_set(InputIterator, InputIterator, typename see below::size_type,
                  Hash, Allocator)
      -> unordered_set<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type, Hash,
                       equal_to<typename iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>,
                       Allocator>;

  template<class T, class Allocator>
    unordered_set(initializer_list<T>, typename see below::size_type, Allocator)
      -> unordered_set<T, hash<T>, equal_to<T>, Allocator>;

  template<class T, class Hash, class Allocator>
    unordered_set(initializer_list<T>, typename see below::size_type, Hash, Allocator)
      -> unordered_set<T, Hash, equal_to<T>, Allocator>;

  template <class Key, class Hash, class Pred, class Alloc>
    bool operator==(const unordered_set<Key, Hash, Pred, Alloc>& a,
                    const unordered_set<Key, Hash, Pred, Alloc>& b);
  template <class Key, class Hash, class Pred, class Alloc>
    bool operator!=(const unordered_set<Key, Hash, Pred, Alloc>& a,
                    const unordered_set<Key, Hash, Pred, Alloc>& b);

  // [unord.set.swap], swap
  template <class Key, class Hash, class Pred, class Alloc>
    void swap(unordered_set<Key, Hash, Pred, Alloc>& x,
              unordered_set<Key, Hash, Pred, Alloc>& y)
      noexcept(noexcept(x.swap(y)));
}
A size_­type parameter type in an unordered_­set deduction guide refers to the size_­type member type of the primary unordered_­set template.

26.5.6.2 unordered_­set constructors [unord.set.cnstr]

unordered_set() : unordered_set(size_type(see below)) { } explicit unordered_set(size_type n, const hasher& hf = hasher(), const key_equal& eql = key_equal(), const allocator_type& a = allocator_type());
Effects: Constructs an empty unordered_­set using the specified hash function, key equality predicate, and allocator, and using at least n buckets.
For the default constructor, the number of buckets is implementation-defined.
max_­load_­factor() returns 1.0.
Complexity: Constant.
template <class InputIterator> unordered_set(InputIterator f, InputIterator l, size_type n = see below, const hasher& hf = hasher(), const key_equal& eql = key_equal(), const allocator_type& a = allocator_type()); unordered_set(initializer_list<value_type> il, size_type n = see below, const hasher& hf = hasher(), const key_equal& eql = key_equal(), const allocator_type& a = allocator_type());
Effects: Constructs an empty unordered_­set using the specified hash function, key equality predicate, and allocator, and using at least n buckets.
If n is not provided, the number of buckets is implementation-defined.
Then inserts elements from the range [f, l) for the first form, or from the range [il.begin(), il.end()) for the second form.
max_­load_­factor() returns 1.0.
Complexity: Average case linear, worst case quadratic.

26.5.6.3 unordered_­set swap [unord.set.swap]

template <class Key, class Hash, class Pred, class Alloc> void swap(unordered_set<Key, Hash, Pred, Alloc>& x, unordered_set<Key, Hash, Pred, Alloc>& y) noexcept(noexcept(x.swap(y)));
Effects: As if by x.swap(y).