20 General utilities library [utilities]

20.2 Utility components [utility]

20.2.1 Header <utility> synopsis [utility.syn]

The header <utility> contains some basic function and class templates that are used throughout the rest of the library.
#include <compare> // see [compare.syn] #include <initializer_list> // see [initializer.list.syn] namespace std { // [utility.swap], swap template<class T> constexpr void swap(T& a, T& b) noexcept(see below); template<class T, size_t N> constexpr void swap(T (&a)[N], T (&b)[N]) noexcept(is_nothrow_swappable_v<T>); // [utility.exchange], exchange template<class T, class U = T> constexpr T exchange(T& obj, U&& new_val); // [forward], forward/move template<class T> constexpr T&& forward(remove_reference_t<T>& t) noexcept; template<class T> constexpr T&& forward(remove_reference_t<T>&& t) noexcept; template<class T> constexpr remove_reference_t<T>&& move(T&&) noexcept; template<class T> constexpr conditional_t< !is_nothrow_move_constructible_v<T> && is_copy_constructible_v<T>, const T&, T&&> move_if_noexcept(T& x) noexcept; // [utility.as.const], as_­const template<class T> constexpr add_const_t<T>& as_const(T& t) noexcept; template<class T> void as_const(const T&&) = delete; // [declval], declval template<class T> add_rvalue_reference_t<T> declval() noexcept; // as unevaluated operand // [utility.intcmp], integer comparison functions template<class T, class U> constexpr bool cmp_equal(T t, U u) noexcept; template<class T, class U> constexpr bool cmp_not_equal(T t, U u) noexcept; template<class T, class U> constexpr bool cmp_less(T t, U u) noexcept; template<class T, class U> constexpr bool cmp_greater(T t, U u) noexcept; template<class T, class U> constexpr bool cmp_less_equal(T t, U u) noexcept; template<class T, class U> constexpr bool cmp_greater_equal(T t, U u) noexcept; template<class R, class T> constexpr bool in_range(T t) noexcept; // [utility.underlying], to_­underlying template<class T> constexpr underlying_type_t<T> to_underlying(T value) noexcept; // [intseq], compile-time integer sequences template<class T, T...> struct integer_sequence; template<size_t... I> using index_sequence = integer_sequence<size_t, I...>; template<class T, T N> using make_integer_sequence = integer_sequence<T, see below>; template<size_t N> using make_index_sequence = make_integer_sequence<size_t, N>; template<class... T> using index_sequence_for = make_index_sequence<sizeof...(T)>; // [pairs], class template pair template<class T1, class T2> struct pair; // [pairs.spec], pair specialized algorithms template<class T1, class T2> constexpr bool operator==(const pair<T1, T2>&, const pair<T1, T2>&); template<class T1, class T2> constexpr common_comparison_category_t<synth-three-way-result<T1>, synth-three-way-result<T2>> operator<=>(const pair<T1, T2>&, const pair<T1, T2>&); template<class T1, class T2> constexpr void swap(pair<T1, T2>& x, pair<T1, T2>& y) noexcept(noexcept(x.swap(y))); template<class T1, class T2> constexpr see below make_pair(T1&&, T2&&); // [pair.astuple], tuple-like access to pair template<class T> struct tuple_size; template<size_t I, class T> struct tuple_element; template<class T1, class T2> struct tuple_size<pair<T1, T2>>; template<size_t I, class T1, class T2> struct tuple_element<I, pair<T1, T2>>; template<size_t I, class T1, class T2> constexpr tuple_element_t<I, pair<T1, T2>>& get(pair<T1, T2>&) noexcept; template<size_t I, class T1, class T2> constexpr tuple_element_t<I, pair<T1, T2>>&& get(pair<T1, T2>&&) noexcept; template<size_t I, class T1, class T2> constexpr const tuple_element_t<I, pair<T1, T2>>& get(const pair<T1, T2>&) noexcept; template<size_t I, class T1, class T2> constexpr const tuple_element_t<I, pair<T1, T2>>&& get(const pair<T1, T2>&&) noexcept; template<class T1, class T2> constexpr T1& get(pair<T1, T2>& p) noexcept; template<class T1, class T2> constexpr const T1& get(const pair<T1, T2>& p) noexcept; template<class T1, class T2> constexpr T1&& get(pair<T1, T2>&& p) noexcept; template<class T1, class T2> constexpr const T1&& get(const pair<T1, T2>&& p) noexcept; template<class T2, class T1> constexpr T2& get(pair<T1, T2>& p) noexcept; template<class T2, class T1> constexpr const T2& get(const pair<T1, T2>& p) noexcept; template<class T2, class T1> constexpr T2&& get(pair<T1, T2>&& p) noexcept; template<class T2, class T1> constexpr const T2&& get(const pair<T1, T2>&& p) noexcept; // [pair.piecewise], pair piecewise construction struct piecewise_construct_t { explicit piecewise_construct_t() = default; }; inline constexpr piecewise_construct_t piecewise_construct{}; template<class... Types> class tuple; // defined in <tuple> // in-place construction struct in_place_t { explicit in_place_t() = default; }; inline constexpr in_place_t in_place{}; template<class T> struct in_place_type_t { explicit in_place_type_t() = default; }; template<class T> inline constexpr in_place_type_t<T> in_place_type{}; template<size_t I> struct in_place_index_t { explicit in_place_index_t() = default; }; template<size_t I> inline constexpr in_place_index_t<I> in_place_index{}; }