29 Numerics library [numerics]

29.7 Numeric arrays [numarray]

29.7.1 Header <valarray> synopsis [valarray.syn]

#include <initializer_list>

namespace std {
  template<class T> class valarray;         // An array of type T
  class slice;                              // a BLAS-like slice out of an array
  template<class T> class slice_array;
  class gslice;                             // a generalized slice out of an array
  template<class T> class gslice_array;
  template<class T> class mask_array;       // a masked array
  template<class T> class indirect_array;   // an indirected array

  template<class T> void swap(valarray<T>&, valarray<T>&) noexcept;

  template<class T> valarray<T> operator* (const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator* (const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator* (const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> operator/ (const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator/ (const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator/ (const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> operator% (const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator% (const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator% (const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> operator+ (const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator+ (const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator+ (const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> operator- (const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator- (const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator- (const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> operator^ (const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator^ (const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator^ (const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> operator& (const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator& (const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator& (const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> operator| (const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator| (const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator| (const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> operator<<(const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator<<(const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator<<(const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> operator>>(const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator>>(const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> operator>>(const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator&&(const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator&&(const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator&&(const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator||(const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator||(const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator||(const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T>
    valarray<bool> operator==(const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator==(const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator==(const T&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T>
    valarray<bool> operator!=(const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator!=(const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator!=(const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T>
    valarray<bool> operator< (const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator< (const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator< (const T&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T>
    valarray<bool> operator> (const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator> (const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator> (const T&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T>
    valarray<bool> operator<=(const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator<=(const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator<=(const T&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T>
    valarray<bool> operator>=(const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator>=(const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<bool> operator>=(const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> abs  (const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> acos (const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> asin (const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> atan (const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> atan2(const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> atan2(const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> atan2(const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> cos  (const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> cosh (const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> exp  (const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> log  (const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> log10(const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> pow(const valarray<T>&, const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> pow(const valarray<T>&, const T&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> pow(const T&, const valarray<T>&);

  template<class T> valarray<T> sin  (const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> sinh (const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> sqrt (const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> tan  (const valarray<T>&);
  template<class T> valarray<T> tanh (const valarray<T>&);

  template <class T> unspecified1 begin(valarray<T>& v);
  template <class T> unspecified2 begin(const valarray<T>& v);
  template <class T> unspecified1 end(valarray<T>& v);
  template <class T> unspecified2 end(const valarray<T>& v);
}
The header <valarray> defines five class templates (valarray, slice_­array, gslice_­array, mask_­array, and indirect_­array), two classes (slice and gslice), and a series of related function templates for representing and manipulating arrays of values.
The valarray array classes are defined to be free of certain forms of aliasing, thus allowing operations on these classes to be optimized.
Any function returning a valarray<T> is permitted to return an object of another type, provided all the const member functions of valarray<T> are also applicable to this type.
This return type shall not add more than two levels of template nesting over the most deeply nested argument type.275
Implementations introducing such replacement types shall provide additional functions and operators as follows:
  • for every function taking a const valarray<T>& other than begin and end, identical functions taking the replacement types shall be added;
  • for every function taking two const valarray<T>& arguments, identical functions taking every combination of const valarray<T>& and replacement types shall be added.
In particular, an implementation shall allow a valarray<T> to be constructed from such replacement types and shall allow assignments and compound assignments of such types to valarray<T>, slice_­array<T>, gslice_­array<T>, mask_­array<T> and indirect_­array<T> objects.
These library functions are permitted to throw a bad_­alloc exception if there are not sufficient resources available to carry out the operation.
Note that the exception is not mandated.
Annex [implimits] recommends a minimum number of recursively nested template instantiations.
This requirement thus indirectly suggests a minimum allowable complexity for valarray expressions.