23 General utilities library [utilities]

23.7 Variants [variant]

23.7.2 Header <variant> synopsis [variant.syn]

namespace std {
  // [variant.variant], class template variant
  template<class... Types>
    class variant;

  // [variant.helper], variant helper classes
  template<class T> struct variant_size;                   // not defined
  template<class T> struct variant_size<const T>;
  template<class T> struct variant_size<volatile T>;
  template<class T> struct variant_size<const volatile T>;
  template<class T>
    inline constexpr size_t variant_size_v = variant_size<T>::value;

  template<class... Types>
    struct variant_size<variant<Types...>>;

  template<size_t I, class T> struct variant_alternative;  // not defined
  template<size_t I, class T> struct variant_alternative<I, const T>;
  template<size_t I, class T> struct variant_alternative<I, volatile T>;
  template<size_t I, class T> struct variant_alternative<I, const volatile T>;
  template<size_t I, class T>
    using variant_alternative_t = typename variant_alternative<I, T>::type;

  template<size_t I, class... Types>
    struct variant_alternative<I, variant<Types...>>;

  inline constexpr size_t variant_npos = -1;

  // [variant.get], value access
  template<class T, class... Types>
    constexpr bool holds_alternative(const variant<Types...>&) noexcept;

  template<size_t I, class... Types>
    constexpr variant_alternative_t<I, variant<Types...>>& get(variant<Types...>&);
  template<size_t I, class... Types>
    constexpr variant_alternative_t<I, variant<Types...>>&& get(variant<Types...>&&);
  template<size_t I, class... Types>
    constexpr const variant_alternative_t<I, variant<Types...>>& get(const variant<Types...>&);
  template<size_t I, class... Types>
    constexpr const variant_alternative_t<I, variant<Types...>>&& get(const variant<Types...>&&);

  template<class T, class... Types>
    constexpr T& get(variant<Types...>&);
  template<class T, class... Types>
    constexpr T&& get(variant<Types...>&&);
  template<class T, class... Types>
    constexpr const T& get(const variant<Types...>&);
  template<class T, class... Types>
    constexpr const T&& get(const variant<Types...>&&);

  template<size_t I, class... Types>
    constexpr add_pointer_t<variant_alternative_t<I, variant<Types...>>>
      get_if(variant<Types...>*) noexcept;
  template<size_t I, class... Types>
    constexpr add_pointer_t<const variant_alternative_t<I, variant<Types...>>>
      get_if(const variant<Types...>*) noexcept;

  template<class T, class... Types>
    constexpr add_pointer_t<T>
      get_if(variant<Types...>*) noexcept;
  template<class T, class... Types>
    constexpr add_pointer_t<const T>
      get_if(const variant<Types...>*) noexcept;

  // [variant.relops], relational operators
  template<class... Types>
    constexpr bool operator==(const variant<Types...>&, const variant<Types...>&);
  template<class... Types>
    constexpr bool operator!=(const variant<Types...>&, const variant<Types...>&);
  template<class... Types>
    constexpr bool operator<(const variant<Types...>&, const variant<Types...>&);
  template<class... Types>
    constexpr bool operator>(const variant<Types...>&, const variant<Types...>&);
  template<class... Types>
    constexpr bool operator<=(const variant<Types...>&, const variant<Types...>&);
  template<class... Types>
    constexpr bool operator>=(const variant<Types...>&, const variant<Types...>&);

  // [variant.visit], visitation
  template<class Visitor, class... Variants>
    constexpr see below visit(Visitor&&, Variants&&...);

  // [variant.monostate], class monostate
  struct monostate;

  // [variant.monostate.relops], monostate relational operators
  constexpr bool operator<(monostate, monostate) noexcept;
  constexpr bool operator>(monostate, monostate) noexcept;
  constexpr bool operator<=(monostate, monostate) noexcept;
  constexpr bool operator>=(monostate, monostate) noexcept;
  constexpr bool operator==(monostate, monostate) noexcept;
  constexpr bool operator!=(monostate, monostate) noexcept;

  // [variant.specalg], specialized algorithms
  template<class... Types>
    void swap(variant<Types...>&, variant<Types...>&) noexcept(see below);

  // [variant.bad.access], class bad_­variant_­access
  class bad_variant_access;

  // [variant.hash], hash support
  template<class T> struct hash;
  template<class... Types> struct hash<variant<Types...>>;
  template<> struct hash<monostate>;
}