22 General utilities library [utilities]

22.8 Expected objects [expected]

22.8.7 Partial specialization of expected for void types [expected.void]

22.8.7.1 General [expected.void.general]

template<class T, class E> requires is_void_v<T> class expected<T, E> { public: using value_type = T; using error_type = E; using unexpected_type = unexpected<E>; template<class U> using rebind = expected<U, error_type>; // [expected.void.ctor], constructors constexpr expected() noexcept; constexpr expected(const expected&); constexpr expected(expected&&) noexcept(see below); template<class U, class G> constexpr explicit(see below) expected(const expected<U, G>&); template<class U, class G> constexpr explicit(see below) expected(expected<U, G>&&); template<class G> constexpr expected(const unexpected<G>&); template<class G> constexpr expected(unexpected<G>&&); constexpr explicit expected(in_place_t) noexcept; template<class... Args> constexpr explicit expected(unexpect_t, Args&&...); template<class U, class... Args> constexpr explicit expected(unexpect_t, initializer_list<U>, Args&&...); // [expected.void.dtor], destructor constexpr ~expected(); // [expected.void.assign], assignment constexpr expected& operator=(const expected&); constexpr expected& operator=(expected&&) noexcept(see below); template<class G> constexpr expected& operator=(const unexpected<G>&); template<class G> constexpr expected& operator=(unexpected<G>&&); constexpr void emplace() noexcept; // [expected.void.swap], swap constexpr void swap(expected&) noexcept(see below); friend constexpr void swap(expected& x, expected& y) noexcept(noexcept(x.swap(y))); // [expected.void.obs], observers constexpr explicit operator bool() const noexcept; constexpr bool has_value() const noexcept; constexpr void operator*() const noexcept; constexpr void value() const &; constexpr void value() &&; constexpr const E& error() const & noexcept; constexpr E& error() & noexcept; constexpr const E&& error() const && noexcept; constexpr E&& error() && noexcept; // [expected.void.eq], equality operators template<class T2, class E2> requires is_void_v<T2> friend constexpr bool operator==(const expected& x, const expected<T2, E2>& y); template<class E2> friend constexpr bool operator==(const expected&, const unexpected<E2>&); private: bool has_val; // exposition only union { E unex; // exposition only }; };
Any object of type expected<T, E> either represents a value of type T, or contains a value of type E within its own storage.
Implementations are not permitted to use additional storage, such as dynamic memory, to allocate the object of type E.
Member has_­val indicates whether the expected<T, E> object represents a value of type T.
A program that instantiates the definition of the template expected<T, E> with a type for the E parameter that is not a valid template argument for unexpected is ill-formed.
E shall meet the requirements of Cpp17Destructible (Table 36).