25 Iterators library [iterators]

25.3 Iterator requirements [iterator.requirements]

25.3.4 Iterator concepts [iterator.concepts]

25.3.4.13 Concept random_­access_­iterator [iterator.concept.random.access]

The random_­access_­iterator concept adds support for constant-time advancement with +=, +, -=, and -, as well as the computation of distance in constant time with -.
Random access iterators also support array notation via subscripting.
template<class I> concept random_­access_­iterator = bidirectional_­iterator<I> && derived_­from<ITER_CONCEPT(I), random_access_iterator_tag> && totally_­ordered<I> && sized_­sentinel_­for<I, I> && requires(I i, const I j, const iter_difference_t<I> n) { { i += n } -> same_­as<I&>; { j + n } -> same_­as<I>; { n + j } -> same_­as<I>; { i -= n } -> same_­as<I&>; { j - n } -> same_­as<I>; { j[n] } -> same_­as<iter_reference_t<I>>; };
Let a and b be valid iterators of type I such that b is reachable from a after n applications of ++a, let D be iter_­difference_­t<I>, and let n denote a value of type D.
I models random_­access_­iterator only if
  • (a += n) is equal to b.
  • addressof(a += n) is equal to addressof(a).
  • (a + n) is equal to (a += n).
  • For any two positive values x and y of type D, if (a + D(x + y)) is valid, then (a + D(x + y)) is equal to ((a + x) + y).
  • (a + D(0)) is equal to a.
  • If (a + D(n - 1)) is valid, then (a + n) is equal to [](I c){ return ++c; }(a + D(n - 1)).
  • (b += D(-n)) is equal to a.
  • (b -= n) is equal to a.
  • addressof(b -= n) is equal to addressof(b).
  • (b - n) is equal to (b -= n).
  • If b is dereferenceable, then a[n] is valid and is equal to *b.
  • bool(a <= b) is true.