30 Localization library [localization]

30.4 Standard locale categories [locale.categories]

30.4.7 The monetary category [category.monetary] Class template moneypunct [locale.moneypunct] General [locale.moneypunct.general]

namespace std { class money_base { public: enum part { none, space, symbol, sign, value }; struct pattern { char field[4]; }; }; template<class charT, bool International = false> class moneypunct : public locale::facet, public money_base { public: using char_type = charT; using string_type = basic_string<charT>; explicit moneypunct(size_t refs = 0); charT decimal_point() const; charT thousands_sep() const; string grouping() const; string_type curr_symbol() const; string_type positive_sign() const; string_type negative_sign() const; int frac_digits() const; pattern pos_format() const; pattern neg_format() const; static locale::id id; static const bool intl = International; protected: ~moneypunct(); virtual charT do_decimal_point() const; virtual charT do_thousands_sep() const; virtual string do_grouping() const; virtual string_type do_curr_symbol() const; virtual string_type do_positive_sign() const; virtual string_type do_negative_sign() const; virtual int do_frac_digits() const; virtual pattern do_pos_format() const; virtual pattern do_neg_format() const; }; }
The moneypunct<> facet defines monetary formatting parameters used by money_get<> and money_put<>.
A monetary format is a sequence of four components, specified by a pattern value p, such that the part value static_cast<part>(p.field[i]) determines the component of the format254 In the field member of a pattern object, each value symbol, sign, value, and either space or none appears exactly once.
The value none, if present, is not first; the value space, if present, is neither first nor last.
Where none or space appears, whitespace is permitted in the format, except where none appears at the end, in which case no whitespace is permitted.
The value space indicates that at least one space is required at that position.
Where symbol appears, the sequence of characters returned by curr_symbol() is permitted, and can be required.
Where sign appears, the first (if any) of the sequence of characters returned by positive_sign() or negative_sign() (respectively as the monetary value is non-negative or negative) is required.
Any remaining characters of the sign sequence are required after all other format components.
Where value appears, the absolute numeric monetary value is required.
The format of the numeric monetary value is a decimal number:
units fractional
decimal-point digits
decimal-point digits
if frac_digits() returns a positive value, or
The symbol decimal-point indicates the character returned by decimal_point().
The other symbols are defined as follows:
digits thousands-sep units
adigit digits
In the syntax specification, the symbol adigit is any of the values ct.widen(c) for c in the range '0' through '9' (inclusive) and ct is a reference of type const ctype<charT>& obtained as described in the definitions of money_get<> and money_put<>.
The symbol thousands-sep is the character returned by thousands_sep().
The space character used is the value ct.widen(' ').
Whitespace characters are those characters c for which ci.is(space, c) returns true.
The number of digits required after the decimal point (if any) is exactly the value returned by frac_digits().
The placement of thousands-separator characters (if any) is determined by the value returned by grouping(), defined identically as the member numpunct<>​::​do_grouping().
An array of char, rather than an array of part, is specified for pattern​::​field purely for efficiency. Members [locale.moneypunct.members]

charT decimal_point() const; charT thousands_sep() const; string grouping() const; string_type curr_symbol() const; string_type positive_sign() const; string_type negative_sign() const; int frac_digits() const; pattern pos_format() const; pattern neg_format() const;
Each of these functions F returns the result of calling the corresponding virtual member function do_F(). Virtual functions [locale.moneypunct.virtuals]

charT do_decimal_point() const;
Returns: The radix separator to use in case do_frac_digits() is greater than zero.255
charT do_thousands_sep() const;
Returns: The digit group separator to use in case do_grouping() specifies a digit grouping pattern.256
string do_grouping() const;
Returns: A pattern defined identically as, but not necessarily equal to, the result of numpunct<charT>​::​​do_grouping().257
string_type do_curr_symbol() const;
Returns: A string to use as the currency identifier symbol.
[Note 1: 
For specializations where the second template parameter is true, this is typically four characters long: a three-letter code as specified by ISO 4217[bib] followed by a space.
— end note]
string_type do_positive_sign() const; string_type do_negative_sign() const;
Returns: do_positive_sign() returns the string to use to indicate a positive monetary value;258 do_negative_sign() returns the string to use to indicate a negative value.
int do_frac_digits() const;
Returns: The number of digits after the decimal radix separator, if any.259
pattern do_pos_format() const; pattern do_neg_format() const;
Returns: The specializations required in Table 108 ([locale.category]), namely
  • moneypunct<char>,
  • moneypunct<wchar_t>,
  • moneypunct<char, true>, and
  • moneypunct<wchar_t, true>,
return an object of type pattern initialized to { symbol, sign, none, value }.260
In common U.S. locales this is '.'.
In common U.S. locales this is ','.
To specify grouping by 3s, the value is "\003" not "3".
This is usually the empty string.
In common U.S. locales, this is 2.
Note that the international symbol returned by do_curr_symbol() usually contains a space, itself; for example, "USD ".