28 Localization library [localization]

28.4 Standard locale categories [locale.categories]

28.4.6 The time category [category.time]

28.4.6.2 Class template time_­get [locale.time.get]

28.4.6.2.1 General [locale.time.get.general]

namespace std { class time_base { public: enum dateorder { no_order, dmy, mdy, ymd, ydm }; }; template<class charT, class InputIterator = istreambuf_iterator<charT>> class time_get : public locale::facet, public time_base { public: using char_type = charT; using iter_type = InputIterator; explicit time_get(size_t refs = 0); dateorder date_order() const { return do_date_order(); } iter_type get_time(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base& f, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t) const; iter_type get_date(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base& f, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t) const; iter_type get_weekday(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base& f, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t) const; iter_type get_monthname(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base& f, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t) const; iter_type get_year(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base& f, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t) const; iter_type get(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base& f, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t, char format, char modifier = 0) const; iter_type get(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base& f, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t, const char_type* fmt, const char_type* fmtend) const; static locale::id id; protected: ~time_get(); virtual dateorder do_date_order() const; virtual iter_type do_get_time(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base&, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t) const; virtual iter_type do_get_date(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base&, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t) const; virtual iter_type do_get_weekday(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base&, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t) const; virtual iter_type do_get_monthname(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base&, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t) const; virtual iter_type do_get_year(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base&, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t) const; virtual iter_type do_get(iter_type s, iter_type end, ios_base& f, ios_base::iostate& err, tm* t, char format, char modifier) const; }; }
time_­get is used to parse a character sequence, extracting components of a time or date into a tm object.
Each get member parses a format as produced by a corresponding format specifier to time_­put<>​::​put.
If the sequence being parsed matches the correct format, the corresponding members of the tm argument are set to the values used to produce the sequence; otherwise either an error is reported or unspecified values are assigned.264
If the end iterator is reached during parsing by any of the get() member functions, the member sets ios_­base​::​eofbit in err.
264)264)
In other words, user confirmation is required for reliable parsing of user-entered dates and times, but machine-generated formats can be parsed reliably.
This allows parsers to be aggressive about interpreting user variations on standard formats.