22 Containers library [containers]

22.5 Unordered associative containers [unord]

22.5.4 Class template unordered_­map [unord.map]

22.5.4.1 Overview [unord.map.overview]

An unordered_­map is an unordered associative container that supports unique keys (an unordered_­map contains at most one of each key value) and that associates values of another type mapped_­type with the keys.
The unordered_­map class supports forward iterators.
An unordered_­map meets all of the requirements of a container, of an unordered associative container, and of an allocator-aware container (Table 80).
It provides the operations described in the preceding requirements table for unique keys; that is, an unordered_­map supports the a_­uniq operations in that table, not the a_­eq operations.
For an unordered_­map<Key, T> the key type is Key, the mapped type is T, and the value type is pair<const Key, T>.
Subclause [unord.map] only describes operations on unordered_­map that are not described in one of the requirement tables, or for which there is additional semantic information.
namespace std { template<class Key, class T, class Hash = hash<Key>, class Pred = equal_to<Key>, class Allocator = allocator<pair<const Key, T>>> class unordered_map { public: // types using key_type = Key; using mapped_type = T; using value_type = pair<const Key, T>; using hasher = Hash; using key_equal = Pred; using allocator_type = Allocator; using pointer = typename allocator_traits<Allocator>::pointer; using const_pointer = typename allocator_traits<Allocator>::const_pointer; using reference = value_type&; using const_reference = const value_type&; using size_type = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements] using difference_type = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements] using iterator = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements] using const_iterator = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements] using local_iterator = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements] using const_local_iterator = implementation-defined; // see [container.requirements] using node_type = unspecified; using insert_return_type = insert-return-type<iterator, node_type>; // [unord.map.cnstr], construct/copy/destroy unordered_map(); explicit unordered_map(size_type n, const hasher& hf = hasher(), const key_equal& eql = key_equal(), const allocator_type& a = allocator_type()); template<class InputIterator> unordered_map(InputIterator f, InputIterator l, size_type n = see below, const hasher& hf = hasher(), const key_equal& eql = key_equal(), const allocator_type& a = allocator_type()); unordered_map(const unordered_map&); unordered_map(unordered_map&&); explicit unordered_map(const Allocator&); unordered_map(const unordered_map&, const type_identity_t<Allocator>&); unordered_map(unordered_map&&, const type_identity_t<Allocator>&); unordered_map(initializer_list<value_type> il, size_type n = see below, const hasher& hf = hasher(), const key_equal& eql = key_equal(), const allocator_type& a = allocator_type()); unordered_map(size_type n, const allocator_type& a) : unordered_map(n, hasher(), key_equal(), a) { } unordered_map(size_type n, const hasher& hf, const allocator_type& a) : unordered_map(n, hf, key_equal(), a) { } template<class InputIterator> unordered_map(InputIterator f, InputIterator l, size_type n, const allocator_type& a) : unordered_map(f, l, n, hasher(), key_equal(), a) { } template<class InputIterator> unordered_map(InputIterator f, InputIterator l, size_type n, const hasher& hf, const allocator_type& a) : unordered_map(f, l, n, hf, key_equal(), a) { } unordered_map(initializer_list<value_type> il, size_type n, const allocator_type& a) : unordered_map(il, n, hasher(), key_equal(), a) { } unordered_map(initializer_list<value_type> il, size_type n, const hasher& hf, const allocator_type& a) : unordered_map(il, n, hf, key_equal(), a) { } ~unordered_map(); unordered_map& operator=(const unordered_map&); unordered_map& operator=(unordered_map&&) noexcept(allocator_traits<Allocator>::is_always_equal::value && is_nothrow_move_assignable_v<Hash> && is_nothrow_move_assignable_v<Pred>); unordered_map& operator=(initializer_list<value_type>); allocator_type get_allocator() const noexcept; // iterators iterator begin() noexcept; const_iterator begin() const noexcept; iterator end() noexcept; const_iterator end() const noexcept; const_iterator cbegin() const noexcept; const_iterator cend() const noexcept; // capacity [[nodiscard]] bool empty() const noexcept; size_type size() const noexcept; size_type max_size() const noexcept; // [unord.map.modifiers], modifiers template<class... Args> pair<iterator, bool> emplace(Args&&... args); template<class... Args> iterator emplace_hint(const_iterator position, Args&&... args); pair<iterator, bool> insert(const value_type& obj); pair<iterator, bool> insert(value_type&& obj); template<class P> pair<iterator, bool> insert(P&& obj); iterator insert(const_iterator hint, const value_type& obj); iterator insert(const_iterator hint, value_type&& obj); template<class P> iterator insert(const_iterator hint, P&& obj); template<class InputIterator> void insert(InputIterator first, InputIterator last); void insert(initializer_list<value_type>); node_type extract(const_iterator position); node_type extract(const key_type& x); template<class K> node_type extract(K&& x); insert_return_type insert(node_type&& nh); iterator insert(const_iterator hint, node_type&& nh); template<class... Args> pair<iterator, bool> try_emplace(const key_type& k, Args&&... args); template<class... Args> pair<iterator, bool> try_emplace(key_type&& k, Args&&... args); template<class... Args> iterator try_emplace(const_iterator hint, const key_type& k, Args&&... args); template<class... Args> iterator try_emplace(const_iterator hint, key_type&& k, Args&&... args); template<class M> pair<iterator, bool> insert_or_assign(const key_type& k, M&& obj); template<class M> pair<iterator, bool> insert_or_assign(key_type&& k, M&& obj); template<class M> iterator insert_or_assign(const_iterator hint, const key_type& k, M&& obj); template<class M> iterator insert_or_assign(const_iterator hint, key_type&& k, M&& obj); iterator erase(iterator position); iterator erase(const_iterator position); size_type erase(const key_type& k); template<class K> size_type erase(K&& x); iterator erase(const_iterator first, const_iterator last); void swap(unordered_map&) noexcept(allocator_traits<Allocator>::is_always_equal::value && is_nothrow_swappable_v<Hash> && is_nothrow_swappable_v<Pred>); void clear() noexcept; template<class H2, class P2> void merge(unordered_map<Key, T, H2, P2, Allocator>& source); template<class H2, class P2> void merge(unordered_map<Key, T, H2, P2, Allocator>&& source); template<class H2, class P2> void merge(unordered_multimap<Key, T, H2, P2, Allocator>& source); template<class H2, class P2> void merge(unordered_multimap<Key, T, H2, P2, Allocator>&& source); // observers hasher hash_function() const; key_equal key_eq() const; // map operations iterator find(const key_type& k); const_iterator find(const key_type& k) const; template<class K> iterator find(const K& k); template<class K> const_iterator find(const K& k) const; template<class K> size_type count(const key_type& k) const; template<class K> size_type count(const K& k) const; bool contains(const key_type& k) const; template<class K> bool contains(const K& k) const; pair<iterator, iterator> equal_range(const key_type& k); pair<const_iterator, const_iterator> equal_range(const key_type& k) const; template<class K> pair<iterator, iterator> equal_range(const K& k); template<class K> pair<const_iterator, const_iterator> equal_range(const K& k) const; // [unord.map.elem], element access mapped_type& operator[](const key_type& k); mapped_type& operator[](key_type&& k); mapped_type& at(const key_type& k); const mapped_type& at(const key_type& k) const; // bucket interface size_type bucket_count() const noexcept; size_type max_bucket_count() const noexcept; size_type bucket_size(size_type n) const; size_type bucket(const key_type& k) const; local_iterator begin(size_type n); const_local_iterator begin(size_type n) const; local_iterator end(size_type n); const_local_iterator end(size_type n) const; const_local_iterator cbegin(size_type n) const; const_local_iterator cend(size_type n) const; // hash policy float load_factor() const noexcept; float max_load_factor() const noexcept; void max_load_factor(float z); void rehash(size_type n); void reserve(size_type n); }; template<class InputIterator, class Hash = hash<iter-key-type<InputIterator>>, class Pred = equal_to<iter-key-type<InputIterator>>, class Allocator = allocator<iter-to-alloc-type<InputIterator>>> unordered_map(InputIterator, InputIterator, typename see below::size_type = see below, Hash = Hash(), Pred = Pred(), Allocator = Allocator()) -> unordered_map<iter-key-type<InputIterator>, iter-mapped-type<InputIterator>, Hash, Pred, Allocator>; template<class Key, class T, class Hash = hash<Key>, class Pred = equal_to<Key>, class Allocator = allocator<pair<const Key, T>>> unordered_map(initializer_list<pair<Key, T>>, typename see below::size_type = see below, Hash = Hash(), Pred = Pred(), Allocator = Allocator()) -> unordered_map<Key, T, Hash, Pred, Allocator>; template<class InputIterator, class Allocator> unordered_map(InputIterator, InputIterator, typename see below::size_type, Allocator) -> unordered_map<iter-key-type<InputIterator>, iter-mapped-type<InputIterator>, hash<iter-key-type<InputIterator>>, equal_to<iter-key-type<InputIterator>>, Allocator>; template<class InputIterator, class Allocator> unordered_map(InputIterator, InputIterator, Allocator) -> unordered_map<iter-key-type<InputIterator>, iter-mapped-type<InputIterator>, hash<iter-key-type<InputIterator>>, equal_to<iter-key-type<InputIterator>>, Allocator>; template<class InputIterator, class Hash, class Allocator> unordered_map(InputIterator, InputIterator, typename see below::size_type, Hash, Allocator) -> unordered_map<iter-key-type<InputIterator>, iter-mapped-type<InputIterator>, Hash, equal_to<iter-key-type<InputIterator>>, Allocator>; template<class Key, class T, class Allocator> unordered_map(initializer_list<pair<Key, T>>, typename see below::size_type, Allocator) -> unordered_map<Key, T, hash<Key>, equal_to<Key>, Allocator>; template<class Key, class T, class Allocator> unordered_map(initializer_list<pair<Key, T>>, Allocator) -> unordered_map<Key, T, hash<Key>, equal_to<Key>, Allocator>; template<class Key, class T, class Hash, class Allocator> unordered_map(initializer_list<pair<Key, T>>, typename see below::size_type, Hash, Allocator) -> unordered_map<Key, T, Hash, equal_to<Key>, Allocator>; }
A size_­type parameter type in an unordered_­map deduction guide refers to the size_­type member type of the type deduced by the deduction guide.