23 Iterators library [iterators]

23.3 Iterator requirements [iterator.requirements]

23.3.4 Iterator concepts [iterator.concepts]

23.3.4.13 Concept random_­access_­iterator [iterator.concept.random.access]

The random_­access_­iterator concept adds support for constant-time advancement with +=, +, -=, and -, as well as the computation of distance in constant time with -.
Random access iterators also support array notation via subscripting.
template<class I>
  concept random_access_iterator =
    bidirectional_iterator<I> &&
    derived_from<ITER_CONCEPT(I), random_access_iterator_tag> &&
    totally_ordered<I> &&
    sized_sentinel_for<I, I> &&
    requires(I i, const I j, const iter_difference_t<I> n) {
      { i += n } -> same_as<I&>;
      { j +  n } -> same_as<I>;
      { n +  j } -> same_as<I>;
      { i -= n } -> same_as<I&>;
      { j -  n } -> same_as<I>;
      {  j[n]  } -> same_as<iter_reference_t<I>>;
    };
Let a and b be valid iterators of type I such that b is reachable from a after n applications of ++a, let D be iter_­difference_­t<I>, and let n denote a value of type D.
I models random_­access_­iterator only if
  • (a += n) is equal to b.
  • addressof(a += n) is equal to addressof(a).
  • (a + n) is equal to (a += n).
  • For any two positive values x and y of type D, if (a + D(x + y)) is valid, then (a + D(x + y)) is equal to ((a + x) + y).
  • (a + D(0)) is equal to a.
  • If (a + D(n - 1)) is valid, then (a + n) is equal to ++(a + D(n - 1)).
  • (b += -n) is equal to a.
  • (b -= n) is equal to a.
  • addressof(b -= n) is equal to addressof(b).
  • (b - n) is equal to (b -= n).
  • If b is dereferenceable, then a[n] is valid and is equal to *b.
  • bool(a <= b) is true.