22 Iterators library [iterators]

22.3 Iterator requirements [iterator.requirements]

22.3.4 Iterator concepts [iterator.concepts]

22.3.4.8 Concept SizedSentinel [iterator.concept.sizedsentinel]

The SizedSentinel concept specifies requirements on an Iterator and a Sentinel that allow the use of the - operator to compute the distance between them in constant time.
template<class S, class I> concept SizedSentinel = Sentinel<S, I> && !disable_sized_sentinel<remove_cv_t<S>, remove_cv_t<I>> && requires(const I& i, const S& s) { { s - i } -> Same<iter_difference_t<I>>; { i - s } -> Same<iter_difference_t<I>>; };
Let i be an iterator of type I, and s a sentinel of type S such that [i, s) denotes a range.
Let N be the smallest number of applications of ++i necessary to make bool(i == s) be true.
S and I model SizedSentinel<S, I> only if
  • If N is representable by iter_­difference_­t<I>, then s - i is well-defined and equals N.
  • If is representable by iter_­difference_­t<I>, then i - s is well-defined and equals .
[Note
:
disable_­sized_­sentinel allows use of sentinels and iterators with the library that satisfy but do not in fact model SizedSentinel.
end note
]
[Example
:
The SizedSentinel concept is modeled by pairs of RandomAccessIterators ([iterator.concept.random.access]) and by counted iterators and their sentinels ([counted.iterator]).
end example
]