21 Language support library [language.support]

21.3 Implementation properties [support.limits]

21.3.4 Class template numeric_­limits [numeric.limits]

21.3.4.1 numeric_­limits members [numeric.limits.members]

Each member function defined in this subclause is signal-safe.
static constexpr T min() noexcept;
Minimum finite value.189
For floating types with subnormal numbers, returns the minimum positive normalized value.
Meaningful for all specializations in which is_­bounded != false, or is_­bounded == false && is_­signed == false.
static constexpr T max() noexcept;
Maximum finite value.190
Meaningful for all specializations in which is_­bounded != false.
static constexpr T lowest() noexcept;
A finite value x such that there is no other finite value y where y < x.191
Meaningful for all specializations in which is_­bounded != false.
static constexpr int digits;
Number of radix digits that can be represented without change.
For integer types, the number of non-sign bits in the representation.
For floating-point types, the number of radix digits in the mantissa.192
static constexpr int digits10;
Number of base 10 digits that can be represented without change.193
Meaningful for all specializations in which is_­bounded != false.
static constexpr int max_digits10;
Number of base 10 digits required to ensure that values which differ are always differentiated.
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr bool is_signed;
true if the type is signed.
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr bool is_integer;
true if the type is integer.
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr bool is_exact;
true if the type uses an exact representation.
All integer types are exact, but not all exact types are integer.
For example, rational and fixed-exponent representations are exact but not integer.
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr int radix;
For floating types, specifies the base or radix of the exponent representation (often 2).194
For integer types, specifies the base of the representation.195
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr T epsilon() noexcept;
Machine epsilon: the difference between 1 and the least value greater than 1 that is representable.196
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr T round_error() noexcept;
Measure of the maximum rounding error.197
static constexpr int min_exponent;
Minimum negative integer such that radix raised to the power of one less than that integer is a normalized floating-point number.198
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr int min_exponent10;
Minimum negative integer such that 10 raised to that power is in the range of normalized floating-point numbers.199
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr int max_exponent;
Maximum positive integer such that radix raised to the power one less than that integer is a representable finite floating-point number.200
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr int max_exponent10;
Maximum positive integer such that 10 raised to that power is in the range of representable finite floating-point numbers.201
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr bool has_infinity;
true if the type has a representation for positive infinity.
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
Shall be true for all specializations in which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr bool has_quiet_NaN;
true if the type has a representation for a quiet (non-signaling) “Not a Number”.202
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
Shall be true for all specializations in which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr bool has_signaling_NaN;
true if the type has a representation for a signaling “Not a Number”.203
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
Shall be true for all specializations in which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr float_denorm_style has_denorm;
denorm_­present if the type allows subnormal values (variable number of exponent bits)204, denorm_­absent if the type does not allow subnormal values, and denorm_­indeterminate if it is indeterminate at compile time whether the type allows subnormal values.
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr bool has_denorm_loss;
true if loss of accuracy is detected as a denormalization loss, rather than as an inexact result.205
static constexpr T infinity() noexcept;
Representation of positive infinity, if available.206
Meaningful for all specializations for which has_­infinity != false.
Required in specializations for which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr T quiet_NaN() noexcept;
Representation of a quiet “Not a Number”, if available.207
Meaningful for all specializations for which has_­quiet_­NaN != false.
Required in specializations for which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr T signaling_NaN() noexcept;
Representation of a signaling “Not a Number”, if available.208
Meaningful for all specializations for which has_­signaling_­NaN != false.
Required in specializations for which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr T denorm_min() noexcept;
Minimum positive subnormal value.209
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
In specializations for which has_­denorm == false, returns the minimum positive normalized value.
static constexpr bool is_iec559;
true if and only if the type adheres to ISO/IEC/IEEE 60559.210
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr bool is_bounded;
true if the set of values representable by the type is finite.211
[Note
:
All fundamental types ([basic.fundamental]) are bounded.
This member would be false for arbitrary precision types.
end note
]
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr bool is_modulo;
true if the type is modulo.212
A type is modulo if, for any operation involving +, -, or * on values of that type whose result would fall outside the range [min(), max()], the value returned differs from the true value by an integer multiple of max() - min() + 1.
[Example
:
is_­modulo is false for signed integer types ([basic.fundamental]) unless an implementation, as an extension to this document, defines signed integer overflow to wrap.
end example
]
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr bool traps;
true if, at program startup, there exists a value of the type that would cause an arithmetic operation using that value to trap.213
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr bool tinyness_before;
true if tinyness is detected before rounding.214
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr float_round_style round_style;
The rounding style for the type.215
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
Specializations for integer types shall return round_­toward_­zero.
Equivalent to CHAR_­MIN, SHRT_­MIN, FLT_­MIN, DBL_­MIN, etc.
Equivalent to CHAR_­MAX, SHRT_­MAX, FLT_­MAX, DBL_­MAX, etc.
lowest() is necessary because not all floating-point representations have a smallest (most negative) value that is the negative of the largest (most positive) finite value.
Equivalent to FLT_­MANT_­DIG, DBL_­MANT_­DIG, LDBL_­MANT_­DIG.
Equivalent to FLT_­DIG, DBL_­DIG, LDBL_­DIG.
Equivalent to FLT_­RADIX.
Distinguishes types with bases other than 2 (e.g. BCD).
Equivalent to FLT_­EPSILON, DBL_­EPSILON, LDBL_­EPSILON.
Rounding error is described in LIA-1 Section 5.2.4 and Annex C Rationale Section C.5.2.4 — Rounding and rounding constants.
Equivalent to FLT_­MIN_­EXP, DBL_­MIN_­EXP, LDBL_­MIN_­EXP.
Equivalent to FLT_­MIN_­10_­EXP, DBL_­MIN_­10_­EXP, LDBL_­MIN_­10_­EXP.
Equivalent to FLT_­MAX_­EXP, DBL_­MAX_­EXP, LDBL_­MAX_­EXP.
Equivalent to FLT_­MAX_­10_­EXP, DBL_­MAX_­10_­EXP, LDBL_­MAX_­10_­EXP.
Required by LIA-1.
Required by LIA-1.
Required by LIA-1.
See ISO/IEC/IEEE 60559.
Required by LIA-1.
Required by LIA-1.
Required by LIA-1.
Required by LIA-1.
ISO/IEC/IEEE 60559:2011 is the same as IEEE 754-2008.
Required by LIA-1.
Required by LIA-1.
Required by LIA-1.
Refer to ISO/IEC/IEEE 60559.
Required by LIA-1.
Equivalent to FLT_­ROUNDS.
Required by LIA-1.