17 Language support library [language.support]

17.3 Implementation properties [support.limits]

17.3.1 General [support.limits.general]

The headers <limits> ([limits.syn]), <climits> ([climits.syn]), and <cfloat> ([cfloat.syn]) supply characteristics of implementation-dependent arithmetic types ([basic.fundamental]).

17.3.2 Header <version> synopsis [version.syn]

The header <version> supplies implementation-dependent information about the C++ standard library (e.g., version number and release date).
Each of the macros defined in <version> is also defined after inclusion of any member of the set of library headers indicated in the corresponding comment in this synopsis.
Note
:
Future versions of this International Standard might replace the values of these macros with greater values.
— end note
 ]
#define __cpp_lib_addressof_constexpr               201603L // also in <memory>
#define __cpp_lib_allocator_traits_is_always_equal  201411L
  // also in <memory>, <scoped_­allocator>, <string>, <deque>, <forward_­list>, <list>, <vector>,
  // <map>, <set>, <unordered_­map>, <unordered_­set>
#define __cpp_lib_any                               201606L // also in <any>
#define __cpp_lib_apply                             201603L // also in <tuple>
#define __cpp_lib_array_constexpr                   201603L // also in <iterator>, <array>
#define __cpp_lib_as_const                          201510L // also in <utility>
#define __cpp_lib_atomic_flag_test                  201907L // also in <atomic>
#define __cpp_lib_atomic_is_always_lock_free        201603L // also in <atomic>
#define __cpp_lib_atomic_lock_free_type_aliases     201907L // also in <atomic>
#define __cpp_lib_atomic_ref                        201806L // also in <atomic>
#define __cpp_lib_atomic_wait                       201907L // also in <atomic>
#define __cpp_lib_barrier                           201907L // also in <barrier>
#define __cpp_lib_bit_cast                          201806L // also in <bit>
#define __cpp_lib_bind_front                        201907L // also in <functional>
#define __cpp_lib_bitops                            201907L // also in <bit>
#define __cpp_lib_bool_constant                     201505L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_bounded_array_traits              201902L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_boyer_moore_searcher              201603L // also in <functional>
#define __cpp_lib_byte                              201603L // also in <cstddef>
#define __cpp_lib_char8_t                           201907L
  // also in <atomic>, <filesystem>, <istream>, <limits>, <locale>, <ostream>, <string>, <string_­view>
#define __cpp_lib_chrono                            201907L // also in <chrono>
#define __cpp_lib_chrono_udls                       201304L // also in <chrono>
#define __cpp_lib_clamp                             201603L // also in <algorithm>
#define __cpp_lib_complex_udls                      201309L // also in <complex>
#define __cpp_lib_concepts                          201806L // also in <concepts>
#define __cpp_lib_constexpr                         201811L
  // also in any C++ library header from Table 19 or any C++ header for C library facilities from Table 20
#define __cpp_lib_constexpr_dynamic_alloc           201907L // also in <memory>
#define __cpp_lib_constexpr_invoke                  201907L // also in <functional>
#define __cpp_lib_constexpr_string                  201907L // also in <string>
#define __cpp_lib_constexpr_swap_algorithms         201806L // also in <algorithm>
#define __cpp_lib_constexpr_vector                  201907L // also in <vector>
#define __cpp_lib_destroying_delete                 201806L // also in <new>
#define __cpp_lib_enable_shared_from_this           201603L // also in <memory>
#define __cpp_lib_endian                            201907L // also in <bit>
#define __cpp_lib_erase_if                          201811L
  // also in <string>, <deque>, <forward_­list>, <list>, <vector>, <map>, <set>, <unordered_­map>,
  // <unordered_­set>
#define __cpp_lib_exchange_function                 201304L // also in <utility>
#define __cpp_lib_execution                         201902L // also in <execution>
#define __cpp_lib_filesystem                        201703L // also in <filesystem>
#define __cpp_lib_format                            201907L // also in <format>
#define __cpp_lib_gcd_lcm                           201606L // also in <numeric>
#define __cpp_lib_generic_associative_lookup        201304L // also in <map>, <set>
#define __cpp_lib_generic_unordered_lookup          201811L
  // also in <unordered_­map>, <unordered_­set>
#define __cpp_lib_hardware_interference_size        201703L // also in <new>
#define __cpp_lib_has_unique_object_representations 201606L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_hypot                             201603L // also in <cmath>
#define __cpp_lib_incomplete_container_elements     201505L
  // also in <forward_­list>, <list>, <vector>
#define __cpp_lib_integer_sequence                  201304L // also in <utility>
#define __cpp_lib_integral_constant_callable        201304L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_interpolate                       201902L // also in <cmath>, <numeric>
#define __cpp_lib_invoke                            201411L // also in <functional>
#define __cpp_lib_is_aggregate                      201703L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_is_constant_evaluated             201811L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_is_final                          201402L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_is_invocable                      201703L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_is_layout_compatible              201907L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_is_null_pointer                   201309L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_is_pointer_interconvertible       201907L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_is_swappable                      201603L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_jthread                           201907L // also in <stop_­token>, <thread>
#define __cpp_lib_latch                             201907L // also in <latch>
#define __cpp_lib_launder                           201606L // also in <new>
#define __cpp_lib_list_remove_return_type           201806L // also in <forward_­list>, <list>
#define __cpp_lib_logical_traits                    201510L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_make_from_tuple                   201606L // also in <tuple>
#define __cpp_lib_make_reverse_iterator             201402L // also in <iterator>
#define __cpp_lib_make_unique                       201304L // also in <memory>
#define __cpp_lib_map_try_emplace                   201411L // also in <map>
#define __cpp_lib_math_constants                    201907L // also in <numbers>
#define __cpp_lib_math_special_functions            201603L // also in <cmath>
#define __cpp_lib_memory_resource                   201603L // also in <memory_­resource>
#define __cpp_lib_node_extract                      201606L
  // also in <map>, <set>, <unordered_­map>, <unordered_­set>
#define __cpp_lib_nonmember_container_access        201411L
  // also in <array>, <deque>, <forward_­list>, <iterator>, <list>, <map>, <regex>, <set>, <string>,
  // <unordered_­map>, <unordered_­set>, <vector>
#define __cpp_lib_not_fn                            201603L // also in <functional>
#define __cpp_lib_null_iterators                    201304L // also in <iterator>
#define __cpp_lib_optional                          201606L // also in <optional>
#define __cpp_lib_parallel_algorithm                201603L // also in <algorithm>, <numeric>
#define __cpp_lib_quoted_string_io                  201304L // also in <iomanip>
#define __cpp_lib_ranges                            201811L
  // also in <algorithm>, <functional>, <iterator>, <memory>, <ranges>
#define __cpp_lib_raw_memory_algorithms             201606L // also in <memory>
#define __cpp_lib_result_of_sfinae                  201210L // also in <functional>, <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_robust_nonmodifying_seq_ops       201304L // also in <algorithm>
#define __cpp_lib_sample                            201603L // also in <algorithm>
#define __cpp_lib_scoped_lock                       201703L // also in <mutex>
#define __cpp_lib_semaphore                         201907L // also in <semaphore>
#define __cpp_lib_shared_mutex                      201505L // also in <shared_­mutex>
#define __cpp_lib_shared_ptr_arrays                 201611L // also in <memory>
#define __cpp_lib_shared_ptr_weak_type              201606L // also in <memory>
#define __cpp_lib_shared_timed_mutex                201402L // also in <shared_­mutex>
#define __cpp_lib_source_location                   201907L // also in <source_­location>
#define __cpp_lib_spaceship                         201907L // also in <compare>
#define __cpp_lib_string_udls                       201304L // also in <string>
#define __cpp_lib_string_view                       201606L // also in <string>, <string_­view>
#define __cpp_lib_three_way_comparison              201711L // also in <compare>
#define __cpp_lib_to_array                          201907L // also in <array>
#define __cpp_lib_to_chars                          201611L // also in <charconv>
#define __cpp_lib_transformation_trait_aliases      201304L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_transparent_operators             201510L // also in <memory>, <functional>
#define __cpp_lib_tuple_element_t                   201402L // also in <tuple>
#define __cpp_lib_tuples_by_type                    201304L // also in <utility>, <tuple>
#define __cpp_lib_type_trait_variable_templates     201510L // also in <type_­traits>
#define __cpp_lib_uncaught_exceptions               201411L // also in <exception>
#define __cpp_lib_unordered_map_try_emplace         201411L // also in <unordered_­map>
#define __cpp_lib_variant                           201606L // also in <variant>
#define __cpp_lib_void_t                            201411L // also in <type_­traits>

17.3.3 Header <limits> synopsis [limits.syn]

namespace std {
  // [fp.style], floating-point type properties
  enum float_round_style;
  enum float_denorm_style;

  // [numeric.limits], class template numeric_­limits
  template<class T> class numeric_limits;

  template<class T> class numeric_limits<const T>;
  template<class T> class numeric_limits<volatile T>;
  template<class T> class numeric_limits<const volatile T>;

  template<> class numeric_limits<bool>;

  template<> class numeric_limits<char>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<signed char>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<unsigned char>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<char8_t>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<char16_t>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<char32_t>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<wchar_t>;

  template<> class numeric_limits<short>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<int>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<long>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<long long>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<unsigned short>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<unsigned int>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<unsigned long>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<unsigned long long>;

  template<> class numeric_limits<float>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<double>;
  template<> class numeric_limits<long double>;
}

17.3.4 Floating-point type properties [fp.style]

17.3.4.1 Type float_­round_­style [round.style]

namespace std {
  enum float_round_style {
    round_indeterminate       = -1,
    round_toward_zero         =  0,
    round_to_nearest          =  1,
    round_toward_infinity     =  2,
    round_toward_neg_infinity =  3
  };
}
The rounding mode for floating-point arithmetic is characterized by the values:
  • round_­indeterminate if the rounding style is indeterminable
  • round_­toward_­zero if the rounding style is toward zero
  • round_­to_­nearest if the rounding style is to the nearest representable value
  • round_­toward_­infinity if the rounding style is toward infinity
  • round_­toward_­neg_­infinity if the rounding style is toward negative infinity

17.3.4.2 Type float_­denorm_­style [denorm.style]

namespace std {
  enum float_denorm_style {
    denorm_indeterminate = -1,
    denorm_absent = 0,
    denorm_present = 1
  };
}
The presence or absence of subnormal numbers (variable number of exponent bits) is characterized by the values:
  • denorm_­indeterminate if it cannot be determined whether or not the type allows subnormal values
  • denorm_­absent if the type does not allow subnormal values
  • denorm_­present if the type does allow subnormal values

17.3.5 Class template numeric_­limits [numeric.limits]

The numeric_­limits class template provides a C++ program with information about various properties of the implementation's representation of the arithmetic types.
namespace std {
  template<class T> class numeric_limits {
  public:
    static constexpr bool is_specialized = false;
    static constexpr T min() noexcept { return T(); }
    static constexpr T max() noexcept { return T(); }
    static constexpr T lowest() noexcept { return T(); }

    static constexpr int  digits = 0;
    static constexpr int  digits10 = 0;
    static constexpr int  max_digits10 = 0;
    static constexpr bool is_signed = false;
    static constexpr bool is_integer = false;
    static constexpr bool is_exact = false;
    static constexpr int  radix = 0;
    static constexpr T epsilon() noexcept { return T(); }
    static constexpr T round_error() noexcept { return T(); }

    static constexpr int  min_exponent = 0;
    static constexpr int  min_exponent10 = 0;
    static constexpr int  max_exponent = 0;
    static constexpr int  max_exponent10 = 0;

    static constexpr bool has_infinity = false;
    static constexpr bool has_quiet_NaN = false;
    static constexpr bool has_signaling_NaN = false;
    static constexpr float_denorm_style has_denorm = denorm_absent;
    static constexpr bool has_denorm_loss = false;
    static constexpr T infinity() noexcept { return T(); }
    static constexpr T quiet_NaN() noexcept { return T(); }
    static constexpr T signaling_NaN() noexcept { return T(); }
    static constexpr T denorm_min() noexcept { return T(); }

    static constexpr bool is_iec559 = false;
    static constexpr bool is_bounded = false;
    static constexpr bool is_modulo = false;

    static constexpr bool traps = false;
    static constexpr bool tinyness_before = false;
    static constexpr float_round_style round_style = round_toward_zero;
  };
}
For all members declared static constexpr in the numeric_­limits template, specializations shall define these values in such a way that they are usable as constant expressions.
The default numeric_­limits<T> template shall have all members, but with 0 or false values.
Specializations shall be provided for each arithmetic type, both floating-point and integer, including bool.
The member is_­specialized shall be true for all such specializations of numeric_­limits.
The value of each member of a specialization of numeric_­limits on a cv-qualified type cv T shall be equal to the value of the corresponding member of the specialization on the unqualified type T.
Non-arithmetic standard types, such as complex<T>, shall not have specializations.

17.3.5.1 numeric_­limits members [numeric.limits.members]

Each member function defined in this subclause is signal-safe.
static constexpr T min() noexcept;
Minimum finite value.185
For floating-point types with subnormal numbers, returns the minimum positive normalized value.
Meaningful for all specializations in which is_­bounded != false, or is_­bounded == false && is_­signed == false.
static constexpr T max() noexcept;
Maximum finite value.186
Meaningful for all specializations in which is_­bounded != false.
static constexpr T lowest() noexcept;
A finite value x such that there is no other finite value y where y < x.187
Meaningful for all specializations in which is_­bounded != false.
static constexpr int digits;
Number of radix digits that can be represented without change.
For integer types, the number of non-sign bits in the representation.
For floating-point types, the number of radix digits in the mantissa.188
static constexpr int digits10;
Number of base 10 digits that can be represented without change.189
Meaningful for all specializations in which is_­bounded != false.
static constexpr int max_digits10;
Number of base 10 digits required to ensure that values which differ are always differentiated.
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr bool is_signed;
true if the type is signed.
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr bool is_integer;
true if the type is integer.
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr bool is_exact;
true if the type uses an exact representation.
All integer types are exact, but not all exact types are integer.
For example, rational and fixed-exponent representations are exact but not integer.
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr int radix;
For floating-point types, specifies the base or radix of the exponent representation (often 2).190
For integer types, specifies the base of the representation.191
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr T epsilon() noexcept;
Machine epsilon: the difference between 1 and the least value greater than 1 that is representable.192
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr T round_error() noexcept;
Measure of the maximum rounding error.193
static constexpr int min_exponent;
Minimum negative integer such that radix raised to the power of one less than that integer is a normalized floating-point number.194
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr int min_exponent10;
Minimum negative integer such that 10 raised to that power is in the range of normalized floating-point numbers.195
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr int max_exponent;
Maximum positive integer such that radix raised to the power one less than that integer is a representable finite floating-point number.196
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr int max_exponent10;
Maximum positive integer such that 10 raised to that power is in the range of representable finite floating-point numbers.197
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr bool has_infinity;
true if the type has a representation for positive infinity.
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
Shall be true for all specializations in which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr bool has_quiet_NaN;
true if the type has a representation for a quiet (non-signaling) “Not a Number”.198
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
Shall be true for all specializations in which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr bool has_signaling_NaN;
true if the type has a representation for a signaling “Not a Number”.199
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
Shall be true for all specializations in which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr float_denorm_style has_denorm;
denorm_­present if the type allows subnormal values (variable number of exponent bits)200, denorm_­absent if the type does not allow subnormal values, and denorm_­indeterminate if it is indeterminate at compile time whether the type allows subnormal values.
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr bool has_denorm_loss;
true if loss of accuracy is detected as a denormalization loss, rather than as an inexact result.201
static constexpr T infinity() noexcept;
Representation of positive infinity, if available.202
Meaningful for all specializations for which has_­infinity != false.
Required in specializations for which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr T quiet_NaN() noexcept;
Representation of a quiet “Not a Number”, if available.203
Meaningful for all specializations for which has_­quiet_­NaN != false.
Required in specializations for which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr T signaling_NaN() noexcept;
Representation of a signaling “Not a Number”, if available.204
Meaningful for all specializations for which has_­signaling_­NaN != false.
Required in specializations for which is_­iec559 != false.
static constexpr T denorm_min() noexcept;
Minimum positive subnormal value.205
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
In specializations for which has_­denorm == false, returns the minimum positive normalized value.
static constexpr bool is_iec559;
true if and only if the type adheres to ISO/IEC/IEEE 60559.206
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr bool is_bounded;
true if the set of values representable by the type is finite.207
Note
:
All fundamental types ([basic.fundamental]) are bounded.
This member would be false for arbitrary precision types.
— end note
 ]
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr bool is_modulo;
true if the type is modulo.208
A type is modulo if, for any operation involving +, -, or * on values of that type whose result would fall outside the range [min(), max()], the value returned differs from the true value by an integer multiple of max() - min() + 1.
Example
:
is_­modulo is false for signed integer types ([basic.fundamental]) unless an implementation, as an extension to this document, defines signed integer overflow to wrap.
— end example
 ]
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr bool traps;
true if, at program startup, there exists a value of the type that would cause an arithmetic operation using that value to trap.209
Meaningful for all specializations.
static constexpr bool tinyness_before;
true if tinyness is detected before rounding.210
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
static constexpr float_round_style round_style;
The rounding style for the type.211
Meaningful for all floating-point types.
Specializations for integer types shall return round_­toward_­zero.
Equivalent to CHAR_­MIN, SHRT_­MIN, FLT_­MIN, DBL_­MIN, etc.
⮥
Equivalent to CHAR_­MAX, SHRT_­MAX, FLT_­MAX, DBL_­MAX, etc.
⮥
lowest() is necessary because not all floating-point representations have a smallest (most negative) value that is the negative of the largest (most positive) finite value.
⮥
Equivalent to FLT_­MANT_­DIG, DBL_­MANT_­DIG, LDBL_­MANT_­DIG.
⮥
Equivalent to FLT_­DIG, DBL_­DIG, LDBL_­DIG.
⮥
Equivalent to FLT_­RADIX.
⮥
Distinguishes types with bases other than 2 (e.g. BCD).
⮥
Equivalent to FLT_­EPSILON, DBL_­EPSILON, LDBL_­EPSILON.
⮥
Rounding error is described in LIA-1 Section 5.2.4 and Annex C Rationale Section C.5.2.4 — Rounding and rounding constants.
⮥
Equivalent to FLT_­MIN_­EXP, DBL_­MIN_­EXP, LDBL_­MIN_­EXP.
⮥
Equivalent to FLT_­MIN_­10_­EXP, DBL_­MIN_­10_­EXP, LDBL_­MIN_­10_­EXP.
⮥
Equivalent to FLT_­MAX_­EXP, DBL_­MAX_­EXP, LDBL_­MAX_­EXP.
⮥
Equivalent to FLT_­MAX_­10_­EXP, DBL_­MAX_­10_­EXP, LDBL_­MAX_­10_­EXP.
⮥
Required by LIA-1.
⮥
Required by LIA-1.
⮥
Required by LIA-1.
⮥
See ISO/IEC/IEEE 60559.
⮥
Required by LIA-1.
⮥
Required by LIA-1.
⮥
Required by LIA-1.
⮥
Required by LIA-1.
⮥
ISO/IEC/IEEE 60559:2011 is the same as IEEE 754-2008.
⮥
Required by LIA-1.
⮥
Required by LIA-1.
⮥
Required by LIA-1.
⮥
Refer to ISO/IEC/IEEE 60559.
Required by LIA-1.
⮥
Equivalent to FLT_­ROUNDS.
Required by LIA-1.
⮥

17.3.5.2 numeric_­limits specializations [numeric.special]

All members shall be provided for all specializations.
However, many values are only required to be meaningful under certain conditions (for example, epsilon() is only meaningful if is_­integer is false).
Any value that is not “meaningful” shall be set to 0 or false.
Example
:
namespace std {
  template<> class numeric_limits<float> {
  public:
    static constexpr bool is_specialized = true;

    static constexpr float min() noexcept { return 1.17549435E-38F; }
    static constexpr float max() noexcept { return 3.40282347E+38F; }
    static constexpr float lowest() noexcept { return -3.40282347E+38F; }

    static constexpr int digits   = 24;
    static constexpr int digits10 =  6;
    static constexpr int max_digits10 =  9;

    static constexpr bool is_signed  = true;
    static constexpr bool is_integer = false;
    static constexpr bool is_exact   = false;

    static constexpr int radix = 2;
    static constexpr float epsilon() noexcept     { return 1.19209290E-07F; }
    static constexpr float round_error() noexcept { return 0.5F; }

    static constexpr int min_exponent   = -125;
    static constexpr int min_exponent10 = - 37;
    static constexpr int max_exponent   = +128;
    static constexpr int max_exponent10 = + 38;

    static constexpr bool has_infinity             = true;
    static constexpr bool has_quiet_NaN            = true;
    static constexpr bool has_signaling_NaN        = true;
    static constexpr float_denorm_style has_denorm = denorm_absent;
    static constexpr bool has_denorm_loss          = false;

    static constexpr float infinity()      noexcept { return value; }
    static constexpr float quiet_NaN()     noexcept { return value; }
    static constexpr float signaling_NaN() noexcept { return value; }
    static constexpr float denorm_min()    noexcept { return min(); }

    static constexpr bool is_iec559  = true;
    static constexpr bool is_bounded = true;
    static constexpr bool is_modulo  = false;
    static constexpr bool traps      = true;
    static constexpr bool tinyness_before = true;

    static constexpr float_round_style round_style = round_to_nearest;
  };
}
— end example
 ]
The specialization for bool shall be provided as follows:
namespace std {
   template<> class numeric_limits<bool> {
   public:
     static constexpr bool is_specialized = true;
     static constexpr bool min() noexcept { return false; }
     static constexpr bool max() noexcept { return true; }
     static constexpr bool lowest() noexcept { return false; }

     static constexpr int  digits = 1;
     static constexpr int  digits10 = 0;
     static constexpr int  max_digits10 = 0;

     static constexpr bool is_signed = false;
     static constexpr bool is_integer = true;
     static constexpr bool is_exact = true;
     static constexpr int  radix = 2;
     static constexpr bool epsilon() noexcept { return 0; }
     static constexpr bool round_error() noexcept { return 0; }

     static constexpr int  min_exponent = 0;
     static constexpr int  min_exponent10 = 0;
     static constexpr int  max_exponent = 0;
     static constexpr int  max_exponent10 = 0;

     static constexpr bool has_infinity = false;
     static constexpr bool has_quiet_NaN = false;
     static constexpr bool has_signaling_NaN = false;
     static constexpr float_denorm_style has_denorm = denorm_absent;
     static constexpr bool has_denorm_loss = false;
     static constexpr bool infinity() noexcept { return 0; }
     static constexpr bool quiet_NaN() noexcept { return 0; }
     static constexpr bool signaling_NaN() noexcept { return 0; }
     static constexpr bool denorm_min() noexcept { return 0; }

     static constexpr bool is_iec559 = false;
     static constexpr bool is_bounded = true;
     static constexpr bool is_modulo = false;

     static constexpr bool traps = false;
     static constexpr bool tinyness_before = false;
     static constexpr float_round_style round_style = round_toward_zero;
   };
}

17.3.6 Header <climits> synopsis [climits.syn]

#define CHAR_BIT see below
#define SCHAR_MIN see below
#define SCHAR_MAX see below
#define UCHAR_MAX see below
#define CHAR_MIN see below
#define CHAR_MAX see below
#define MB_LEN_MAX see below
#define SHRT_MIN see below
#define SHRT_MAX see below
#define USHRT_MAX see below
#define INT_MIN see below
#define INT_MAX see below
#define UINT_MAX see below
#define LONG_MIN see below
#define LONG_MAX see below
#define ULONG_MAX see below
#define LLONG_MIN see below
#define LLONG_MAX see below
#define ULLONG_MAX see below
The header <climits> defines all macros the same as the C standard library header <limits.h>.
Note
:
The types of the constants defined by macros in <climits> are not required to match the types to which the macros refer.
— end note
 ]
See also: ISO C 5.2.4.2.1

17.3.7 Header <cfloat> synopsis [cfloat.syn]

#define FLT_ROUNDS see below
#define FLT_EVAL_METHOD see below
#define FLT_HAS_SUBNORM see below
#define DBL_HAS_SUBNORM see below
#define LDBL_HAS_SUBNORM see below
#define FLT_RADIX see below
#define FLT_MANT_DIG see below
#define DBL_MANT_DIG see below
#define LDBL_MANT_DIG see below
#define FLT_DECIMAL_DIG see below
#define DBL_DECIMAL_DIG see below
#define LDBL_DECIMAL_DIG see below
#define DECIMAL_DIG see below
#define FLT_DIG see below
#define DBL_DIG see below
#define LDBL_DIG see below
#define FLT_MIN_EXP see below
#define DBL_MIN_EXP see below
#define LDBL_MIN_EXP see below
#define FLT_MIN_10_EXP see below
#define DBL_MIN_10_EXP see below
#define LDBL_MIN_10_EXP see below
#define FLT_MAX_EXP see below
#define DBL_MAX_EXP see below
#define LDBL_MAX_EXP see below
#define FLT_MAX_10_EXP see below
#define DBL_MAX_10_EXP see below
#define LDBL_MAX_10_EXP see below
#define FLT_MAX see below
#define DBL_MAX see below
#define LDBL_MAX see below
#define FLT_EPSILON see below
#define DBL_EPSILON see below
#define LDBL_EPSILON see below
#define FLT_MIN see below
#define DBL_MIN see below
#define LDBL_MIN see below
#define FLT_TRUE_MIN see below
#define DBL_TRUE_MIN see below
#define LDBL_TRUE_MIN see below
The header <cfloat> defines all macros the same as the C standard library header <float.h>.
See also: ISO C 5.2.4.2.2