25 Time library [time]

25.7 Clocks [time.clock]

25.7.1 Class system_­clock [time.clock.system]

25.7.1.3 Non-member functions [time.clock.system.nonmembers]

template<class charT, class traits, class Duration> basic_ostream<charT, traits>& operator<<(basic_ostream<charT, traits>& os, const sys_time<Duration>& tp);
Remarks: This operator shall not participate in overload resolution if treat_­as_­floating_­point_­v<typename Duration::rep> is true, or if Duration{1} >= days{1}.
Effects:
auto const dp = floor<days>(tp);
os << year_month_day{dp} << ' ' << time_of_day{tp-dp};
Returns: os.
[Example
:
cout << sys_seconds{0s} << '\n';                // 1970-01-01 00:00:00
cout << sys_seconds{946'684'800s} << '\n';      // 2000-01-01 00:00:00
cout << sys_seconds{946'688'523s} << '\n';      // 2000-01-01 01:02:03
end example
]
template<class charT, class traits> basic_ostream<charT, traits>& operator<<(basic_ostream<charT, traits>& os, const sys_days& dp);
Effects: os << year_­month_­day{dp}.
Returns: os.
template<class charT, class traits, class Duration> basic_ostream<charT, traits>& to_stream(basic_ostream<charT, traits>& os, const charT* fmt, const sys_time<Duration>& tp);
Effects: Streams tp into os using the format specified by the NTCTS fmt.
fmt encoding follows the rules specified in [time.format].
If %Z is used, it will be replaced with "UTC" widened to charT.
If %z is used (or a modified variant of %z), an offset of 0min will be formatted.
Returns: os.
template<class charT, class traits, class Duration, class Alloc = allocator<charT>> basic_istream<charT, traits>& from_stream(basic_istream<charT, traits>& is, const charT* fmt, sys_time<Duration>& tp, basic_string<charT, traits, Alloc>* abbrev = nullptr, minutes* offset = nullptr);
Effects: Attempts to parse the input stream is into the sys_­time tp using the format flags given in the NTCTS fmt as specified in [time.parse].
If the parse fails to decode a valid date, is.setstate(ios_­base::failbit) shall be called and tp shall not be modified.
If %Z is used and successfully parsed, that value will be assigned to *abbrev if abbrev is non-null.
If %z (or a modified variant) is used and successfully parsed, that value will be assigned to *offset if offset is non-null.
Additionally, the parsed offset will be subtracted from the successfully parsed timestamp prior to assigning that difference to tp.
Returns: is.