19 General utilities library [utilities]

19.11 Smart pointers [smartptr]

19.11.8 Atomic specializations for smart pointers [util.smartptr.atomic]

19.11.8.1 Atomic specialization for shared_­ptr [util.smartptr.atomic.shared]

namespace std {
  template<class T> struct atomic<shared_ptr<T>> {
    using value_type = shared_ptr<T>;
    static constexpr bool is_always_lock_free = implementation-defined;

    bool is_lock_free() const noexcept;
    void store(shared_ptr<T> desired, memory_order order = memory_order::seq_cst) noexcept;
    shared_ptr<T> load(memory_order order = memory_order::seq_cst) const noexcept;
    operator shared_ptr<T>() const noexcept;

    shared_ptr<T> exchange(shared_ptr<T> desired,
                           memory_order order = memory_order::seq_cst) noexcept;

    bool compare_exchange_weak(shared_ptr<T>& expected, shared_ptr<T> desired,
                               memory_order success, memory_order failure) noexcept;
    bool compare_exchange_strong(shared_ptr<T>& expected, shared_ptr<T> desired,
                                 memory_order success, memory_order failure) noexcept;

    bool compare_exchange_weak(shared_ptr<T>& expected, shared_ptr<T> desired,
                               memory_order order = memory_order::seq_cst) noexcept;
    bool compare_exchange_strong(shared_ptr<T>& expected, shared_ptr<T> desired,
                                 memory_order order = memory_order::seq_cst) noexcept;

    constexpr atomic() noexcept = default;
    atomic(shared_ptr<T> desired) noexcept;
    atomic(const atomic&) = delete;
    void operator=(const atomic&) = delete;
    void operator=(shared_ptr<T> desired) noexcept;

  private:
    shared_ptr<T> p;            // exposition only
  };
}
constexpr atomic() noexcept = default;
Effects: Initializes p{}.
atomic(shared_ptr<T> desired) noexcept;
Effects: Initializes the object with the value desired.
Initialization is not an atomic operation ([intro.multithread]).
[Note
:
It is possible to have an access to an atomic object A race with its construction, for example, by communicating the address of the just-constructed object A to another thread via memory_­order::relaxed operations on a suitable atomic pointer variable, and then immediately accessing A in the receiving thread.
This results in undefined behavior.
end note
]
void store(shared_ptr<T> desired, memory_order order = memory_order::seq_cst) noexcept;
Requires: The order argument shall not be memory_­order::consume, memory_­order::acquire, nor memory_­order::acq_­rel.
Effects: Atomically replaces the value pointed to by this with the value of desired as if by p.swap(desired).
Memory is affected according to the value of order.
void operator=(shared_ptr<T> desired) noexcept;
Effects: Equivalent to store(desired).
shared_ptr<T> load(memory_order order = memory_order::seq_cst) const noexcept;
Requires: order shall not be memory_­order::release nor memory_­order::acq_­rel.
Effects: Memory is affected according to the value of order.
Returns: Atomically returns p.
operator shared_ptr<T>() const noexcept;
Effects: Equivalent to: return load();
shared_ptr<T> exchange(shared_ptr<T> desired, memory_order order = memory_order::seq_cst) noexcept;
Effects: Atomically replaces p with desired as if by p.swap(desired).
Memory is affected according to the value of order.
This is an atomic read-modify-write operation ([intro.races]).
Returns: Atomically returns the value of p immediately before the effects.
bool compare_exchange_weak(shared_ptr<T>& expected, shared_ptr<T> desired, memory_order success, memory_order failure) noexcept; bool compare_exchange_strong(shared_ptr<T>& expected, shared_ptr<T> desired, memory_order success, memory_order failure) noexcept;
Requires: failure shall not be memory_­order::release nor memory_­order::acq_­rel.
Effects: If p is equivalent to expected, assigns desired to p and has synchronization semantics corresponding to the value of success, otherwise assigns p to expected and has synchronization semantics corresponding to the value of failure.
Returns: true if p was equivalent to expected, false otherwise.
Remarks: Two shared_­ptr objects are equivalent if they store the same pointer value and either share ownership, or both are empty.
The weak form may fail spuriously.
If the operation returns true, expected is not accessed after the atomic update and the operation is an atomic read-modify-write operation ([intro.multithread]) on the memory pointed to by this.
Otherwise, the operation is an atomic load operation on that memory, and expected is updated with the existing value read from the atomic object in the attempted atomic update.
The use_­count update corresponding to the write to expected is part of the atomic operation.
The write to expected itself is not required to be part of the atomic operation.
bool compare_exchange_weak(shared_ptr<T>& expected, shared_ptr<T> desired, memory_order order = memory_order::seq_cst) noexcept;
Effects: Equivalent to:
return compare_exchange_weak(expected, desired, order, fail_order);
where fail_­order is the same as order except that a value of memory_­order::acq_­rel shall be replaced by the value memory_­order::acquire and a value of memory_­order::release shall be replaced by the value memory_­order::relaxed.
bool compare_exchange_strong(shared_ptr<T>& expected, shared_ptr<T> desired, memory_order order = memory_order::seq_cst) noexcept;
Effects: Equivalent to:
return compare_exchange_strong(expected, desired, order, fail_order);
where fail_­order is the same as order except that a value of memory_­order::acq_­rel shall be replaced by the value memory_­order::acquire and a value of memory_­order::release shall be replaced by the value memory_­order::relaxed.