33 Concurrency support library [thread]

33.5 Atomic operations [atomics]

33.5.7 Class template atomic_­ref [atomics.ref.generic]

33.5.7.5 Partial specialization for pointers [atomics.ref.pointer]

namespace std { template<class T> struct atomic_ref<T*> { private: T** ptr; // exposition only public: using value_type = T*; using difference_type = ptrdiff_t; static constexpr size_t required_alignment = implementation-defined; static constexpr bool is_always_lock_free = implementation-defined; bool is_lock_free() const noexcept; explicit atomic_ref(T*&); atomic_ref(const atomic_ref&) noexcept; atomic_ref& operator=(const atomic_ref&) = delete; void store(T*, memory_order = memory_order::seq_cst) const noexcept; T* operator=(T*) const noexcept; T* load(memory_order = memory_order::seq_cst) const noexcept; operator T*() const noexcept; T* exchange(T*, memory_order = memory_order::seq_cst) const noexcept; bool compare_exchange_weak(T*&, T*, memory_order, memory_order) const noexcept; bool compare_exchange_strong(T*&, T*, memory_order, memory_order) const noexcept; bool compare_exchange_weak(T*&, T*, memory_order = memory_order::seq_cst) const noexcept; bool compare_exchange_strong(T*&, T*, memory_order = memory_order::seq_cst) const noexcept; T* fetch_add(difference_type, memory_order = memory_order::seq_cst) const noexcept; T* fetch_sub(difference_type, memory_order = memory_order::seq_cst) const noexcept; T* operator++(int) const noexcept; T* operator--(int) const noexcept; T* operator++() const noexcept; T* operator--() const noexcept; T* operator+=(difference_type) const noexcept; T* operator-=(difference_type) const noexcept; void wait(T*, memory_order = memory_order::seq_cst) const noexcept; void notify_one() const noexcept; void notify_all() const noexcept; }; }
Descriptions are provided below only for members that differ from the primary template.
The following operations perform arithmetic computations.
The correspondence among key, operator, and computation is specified in Table 142.
T* fetch_key(difference_type operand, memory_order order = memory_order::seq_cst) const noexcept;
Mandates: T is a complete object type.
Effects: Atomically replaces the value referenced by *ptr with the result of the computation applied to the value referenced by *ptr and the given operand.
Memory is affected according to the value of order.
These operations are atomic read-modify-write operations ([intro.races]).
Returns: Atomically, the value referenced by *ptr immediately before the effects.
Remarks: The result may be an undefined address, but the operations otherwise have no undefined behavior.
T* operator op=(difference_type operand) const noexcept;
Effects: Equivalent to: return fetch_­key(operand) op operand;